Gender differences in trends in diabetes prevalence from 1993 to 2008 in Taiwan

Hsing Yi Chang, Chih Cheng Hsu, Wen Harn Pan, Wen Ling Liu, Jennifer Ying Chi Cheng, Chin Hsiao Tseng, Chyi Huey Bai, Wen Ting Yeh, Baai Shyun Hurng

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Abstract

We examined time trends in the prevalence of diabetes using nationally representative samples, with a focus on gender differences. Data were from the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), 1993-1996 (n= 2700), and NAHSIT 2004-2008 (n= 2258). Participants aged 19 years or older with adequate fasting glucose data were included. When needed, rates were standardized to the year 2000 WHO 5-year interval population for comparisons.The prevalence increased significantly in men, whose standardized rate increased from 4.6% to 9.3%. In women, the age standardized prevalence decreased slightly from 7.9% to 6.4%. High triglycerides (≥150. mg/dL) was associated with diabetes with odds ratios (OR) of 2.14, and 2.69 (all with p<0.05) in the two surveys. High waist circumference (men ≥ 90. cm; women ≥ 80. cm) was also associated with diabetes with ORs of 2.52, and 1.93 (all with p<0.05).We recommend the development of innovative health promotion programs targeting not only the general population, but also high risk groups such as men, to further reduce diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-364
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Diabetes prevalence
  • Gender difference
  • Taiwan
  • Time trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Chang, H. Y., Hsu, C. C., Pan, W. H., Liu, W. L., Cheng, J. Y. C., Tseng, C. H., Bai, C. H., Yeh, W. T., & Hurng, B. S. (2010). Gender differences in trends in diabetes prevalence from 1993 to 2008 in Taiwan. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 90(3), 358-364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2010.09.032