Background: Studies have reported that women with ST elevationmyocardial infarction (STEMI) have worse shortand long-term outcomes than men. It has not yet been confirmed whether these differences reflect differences in age between men and women. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 1035 consecutive STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Baseline clinical characteristics, coronary anatomy, and outcome were compared between young (<65 years old) and older patients (≥ 65 years old) of both sexes. Results: Younger women presented with a lower incidence of typical angina (83% vs. 93%, p = 0.03), single-vessel disease (21% vs. 35%, p = 0.03), and total occlusion of infarct-related artery (65% vs. 83%, p = 0.001) than younger men, with no gender difference noted in the older group. Younger women in the study had a higher incidence of reinfarction, heart failure requiring admission, or mortality (23% vs. 6%, p <0.001) during follow-up, compared with younger men, with no gender difference in the older group. Using the Kaplan-Meier analysis, younger women had lower rates of event-free survival (p <0.001 by log-rank test) than younger men, with no gender difference in the older group. In multivariate analysis, age could predict long-term outcome in men (Hazard ratio 4.43, 95% confidence interval: 2.89-6.78, p <0.001) but not in women. Conclusions: In STEMI patients receiving primary PCI, sex-related long-term outcome differences were agedependent, with younger women likely to have a worse long-term outcome when compared with younger men.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Acta Cardiologica Sinica|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 2014|
- Coronary heart disease
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine