Functional study of hepatitis delta virus large antigen in packaging and replication inhibition: Role of the amino-terminal leucine zipper

Pei Jer Chen, Fu Lin Chang, Chuan Jen Wang, Chien Ju Lin, Shian Ying Sung, Ding Shinn Chen

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The large hepatitis delta antigen (HDAg) has been found to be essential for the assembly of the hepatitis delta virion. Furthermore, in a cotransfection experiment, the large HDAg itself, without the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) genome and small HDAg, could be packaged into hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) particles. By deletion analysis, it was shown that the amino-terminal leucine zipper domain was dispensable for packaging. The large HDAg could also help in copackaging of the small HDAg into HBsAg particles without the need for HDV RNA. This process was probably mediated through direct interaction of the two HDAgs as a mutated large HDAg whose leucine zipper domain was deleted such that it could not help in copackaging of the small HDAg. This mutated large HDAg did not suppress HDV replication, suggesting that this effect is probably also via protein interaction. These results indicated that functional domains of the large HDAg responsible for packaging with HBsAg particles and for the trans-negative effect on HDV replication can be separated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2853-2859
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1992
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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