Functional connectivity of the corpus callosum in epilepsy patients with secondarily generalized seizures

Syu Jyun Peng, Yue Loong Hsin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The corpus callosum (CC) plays an important role in generalization of seizure activity. We used resting-state function magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate the regional and interregional functional connectivity of CC in patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative and secondarily generalized seizures. We measured the multi-regional coherences of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals via rs-fMRI, cortical thickness via high-resolution T1-weighted MRI, and white matter (WM) integrity via diffusion-tensor imaging in 16 epilepsy patients as well as in 16 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. All patients had non-lesional MRI, medically well-con-trolled focal epilepsy and history of secondarily generalized convulsions. Individuals with epilepsy had significant differences in regional and interregional hypersynchronization of BOLD signals intrahemispherically and interhemispherically, but no difference in cortical thickness and WM integrity. The only area with increased regional hypersynchrony in WM was over the anterior CC, which also exhibited lower activation of neighboring resting-state networks. The present study revealed abnormal local and distant synchronization of spontaneous neural activities in epileptic patients with secondarily generalized seizures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number446
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume8
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Seizures
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Oxygen
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Partial Epilepsy
Healthy Volunteers
White Matter

Keywords

  • Corpus callosum
  • Functional networks
  • Regional homogeneity
  • Resting-state function MRI
  • Secondarily generalized seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Functional connectivity of the corpus callosum in epilepsy patients with secondarily generalized seizures. / Peng, Syu Jyun; Hsin, Yue Loong.

In: Frontiers in Neurology, Vol. 8, No. AUG, 446, 30.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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