Fractographic analysis of fractured dental implant components

Chih Ling Chang, Hsien Kun Lu, Keng Liang Ou, Peng Yu Su, Chung Ming Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/purpose: This study investigated in seven patients the main causes of accidental fractures of various implant components. Materials and methods: We used a scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope to observe the fracture interfaces of four fixtures, six abutment screws, and nine gold screws retrieved from patients with prosthetic problems. Results: In all fixtures and some abutment screws, parafunctional force and a cantilever design ultimately resulted in movement of low-angle grain boundaries (LAGBs) at most fracture surfaces. Fractographic observations showed that overloading deformed the grain sizes, and the no precipitates were present on the high-angle grain boundaries (HAGBs) or matrices of some abutment screws and most gold screws. Conclusion: To avoid implant fracture, certain underlying mechanical risk factors should be noted such as patients with a habit of bruxism, bridgework with a cantilever design, or two implants installed in a line in the posterior mandible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • dental implant
  • fatigue fracture
  • fractography
  • HAGB
  • LAGB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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