Feasibility and safety of elective laparoscopic total extraperitoneal preperitoneal groin hernia repair in the elderly: A propensity score-matched comparison

Ying Buh Liu, Chih Chin Yu, Chao Chuan Wu, Chia Da Lin, Shih Chieh Chueh, Yao Chou Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Several studies of hernia registries have revealed that elderly patients have higher perioperative complication rates compared with younger patients. However, the incidence of hernia increases with the aging process. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic hernia repair in elderly patients (≥75 years), we conducted a prospective case-matched control study to compare perioperative outcomes between patients older and younger than 75 years. Methods: Between September 2008 and July 2015, 572 consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic hernia repair were included in this prospective study. This case-matched control study was matched based on sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and body mass index between patients younger and ≥75 years. The propensity-score matching of two groups was carried out on a 1:1 basis. Perioperative data were prospectively recorded for all patients including demographic data, operation time, length of hospital stay, narcotic dose, and complications. Results: In the final analysis, 54 patients who were <75 years were extracted to match the 54 patients ≥75 years. These two groups had similar baseline characteristics excluding age. They also had similar perioperative outcomes in hernia recurrence, metachronous contralateral hernia occurrence, complication rate and chronic pain. The patients ≥75 years of age had lower requirements for analgesics than those who were <75 years of age (p=0.047). Conclusion: This is the first comparative cohort study investigating the impact of aging in an Asian hernia population. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is feasible and safe for older patients, with comparable perioperative outcomes to patients <75 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-200
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Age
  • Complication
  • Inguinal hernia
  • TEP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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