Abstract

Insulin deficiency in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) involves a decline in both pancreatic β-cell mass and function. Enhancing β-cell preservation represents an important therapeutic strategy to treat type 2 DM. Far-infrared (FIR) radiation has been found to induce promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (PLZF) activation to protect the vascular endothelium in diabetic mice. The influence of FIR on β-cell preservation is unknown. Our previous study reveals that the biologically effective wavelength of FIR is 8–10 μm. In the present study, we investigated the biological effects of FIR (8–10 μm) on both survival and insulin secretion function of β-cells. FIR reduced pancreatic islets loss and increased insulin secretion in nicotinamide-streptozotocin-induced DM mice, but only promoted insulin secretion in DM PLZF / mice. FIR-upregulated PLZF to induce an anti-apoptotic effect in a β cell line RIN-m5f. FIR also upregulated mitochondrial function and the ratio of NAD+/NADH, and then induced Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) expression. The mitochondria Complex I inhibitor rotenone blocked FIR-induced PLZF and Sirt1. The Sirt1 inhibitor EX527 and Sirt1 siRNA inhibited FIR-induced PLZF and insulin respectively. Sirt1 upregulation also increased CaV1.2 expression and calcium influx that promotes insulin secretion in β-cells. In summary, FIR-enhanced mitochondrial function prevents β-cell apoptosis and enhances insulin secretion in DM mice through the Sirt1 pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154143
JournalMetabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Far-infrared
  • Insulin
  • Mitochondrial function
  • β-cells
  • Niacinamide
  • Up-Regulation
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type/metabolism
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Male
  • Promyelocytic Leukemia Zinc Finger Protein/genetics
  • Islets of Langerhans/pathology
  • Insulin Secretion/radiation effects
  • Apoptosis/genetics
  • Signal Transduction/drug effects
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Sirtuin 1/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Infrared Rays
  • Survival Analysis
  • Mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Far-infrared radiation prevents decline in β-cell mass and function in diabetic mice via the mitochondria-mediated Sirtuin1 pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this