Failure sites and peak tensile forces of the composite triceps surae muscle by passive extension in the rabbit

Jui Sheng Sun, Yang Hwei Tsuang, Tang Kue Liu, Yi Shiong Hang, Cheng Kung Cheng

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The triceps surae muscle-tendon unit of rabbit was tested by a passive extension technique. The effects of different stretch rates were evaluated. Functioning as a composite muscle-tendon unit, the triceps surae responded viscoelastically to the tensile loads. The sites of failure were consistent at the muscular portion near the musculotendinous junction. Failure occurred within 0.1-1.0 mm of the distal musculotendinous junction for the soleus muscle and within 5-10 mm proximal to the distal musculotendinous junction in the lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle. In the medial head of gastrocnemius muscle failure occurred within 15-30 mm proximal to the distal musculotendinous junction. There was a greater peak tensile force requirement and a greater energy absorption when tested with faster stretch rates. These results furnish evidence that the biomechanical property of composite musculotendinous unit is strain-rate dependent and behaves viscoelastically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-314
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes



  • Composite muscle-tendon unit
  • failure sites
  • peak tensile force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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