Objectives: To explore the factors associated with the use of the National Ten-Year Long- Term Care Plan 2.0 (NTLCP 2.0) in Taiwan. Methods: Research data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. Study samples were caregivers of people qualified to receive care under the NTLCP 2.0. Completed questionnaires (n = 212) were obtained using face-to-face or telephone interviews. Results: The results indicated that education (p = 0.011; in the predisposing dimension); social welfare status (p = 0.008); awareness of the NTLCP 2.0 (p ＜ 0.001; both were in the enabling dimension); dementia diagnosis (p = 0.018); being a disability identification cardholder (p = 0.008; both were in the needs dimension) of those people being cared for, as well as gender (p = 0.002), age (p = 0.031), and working conditions (p = 0.035) of caregivers had significant effects on NTLCP 2.0 utilization. Moreover, the results of the multiple regression analysis demonstrated that all four dimensions were significantly associated with NTLCP 2.0 utilization (F = 1.737, p = 0.007; adj R^2 = 0.149). Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that all four dimensions were significantly associated with NTLCP 2.0 utilization. It is suggested that the Ministry of Health and Welfare continuously promote the NTLCP 2.0 and even expand it to cover those people who currently do not qualify. Furthermore, efforts should be devoted to increase the willingness of male caregivers to use the NTLCP 2.0.