Factors associated with malnutrition among children <5 years old in Burkina Faso: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys IV 2010

Ghislain G. Poda, Chien Yeh Hsu, Jane C.J. Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Design: This study was based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional population-based data from Burkina-Faso Demographic Health Surveys 2010. Setting: This study was carried out in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Participants: The participants were 6337 children < 5 years and their mothers. Main outcome measures: Demographic characteristics, child nutrition and health status, and maternal and household information were collected. Survey-specific SAS procedures for weighting, clustering and stratification in the survey design were used. The distribution of different nutritional status, such as underweight, stunting and wasting and the effects of risk factors onmalnutritionwas analyzed. Results: Out of 6337 children < 5 years, 51.0% of children were male and 57.8% of children had an average size at birth. There were 15.6, 21.5 and 10.6% of children who recently suffered from diarrhea, fever and acute respiratory infection, respectively. Child sex, age, size at birth, child morbidity, mother's education and body mass index and household wealth index were significantly associated with undernutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Conclusions: In addition to the improvement of household wealth index, more health and nutritional education for mothers should be implemented by the government to improve health and nutritional status of children < 5 years in Burkina Faso.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-908
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

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Child Nutrition Disorders
Burkina Faso
Demography
Nutritional Status
Mothers
Health Status
Parturition
Growth Disorders
Western Africa
Thinness
Health Education
Malnutrition
Respiratory Tract Infections
Cluster Analysis
Diarrhea
Body Mass Index
Fever
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Morbidity

Keywords

  • Child healthcare
  • Household wealth index
  • Stunting
  • Underweight
  • Wasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Factors associated with malnutrition among children <5 years old in Burkina Faso: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys IV 2010",
abstract = "Objective: To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Design: This study was based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional population-based data from Burkina-Faso Demographic Health Surveys 2010. Setting: This study was carried out in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Participants: The participants were 6337 children < 5 years and their mothers. Main outcome measures: Demographic characteristics, child nutrition and health status, and maternal and household information were collected. Survey-specific SAS procedures for weighting, clustering and stratification in the survey design were used. The distribution of different nutritional status, such as underweight, stunting and wasting and the effects of risk factors onmalnutritionwas analyzed. Results: Out of 6337 children < 5 years, 51.0{\%} of children were male and 57.8{\%} of children had an average size at birth. There were 15.6, 21.5 and 10.6{\%} of children who recently suffered from diarrhea, fever and acute respiratory infection, respectively. Child sex, age, size at birth, child morbidity, mother's education and body mass index and household wealth index were significantly associated with undernutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Conclusions: In addition to the improvement of household wealth index, more health and nutritional education for mothers should be implemented by the government to improve health and nutritional status of children < 5 years in Burkina Faso.",
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N2 - Objective: To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Design: This study was based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional population-based data from Burkina-Faso Demographic Health Surveys 2010. Setting: This study was carried out in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Participants: The participants were 6337 children < 5 years and their mothers. Main outcome measures: Demographic characteristics, child nutrition and health status, and maternal and household information were collected. Survey-specific SAS procedures for weighting, clustering and stratification in the survey design were used. The distribution of different nutritional status, such as underweight, stunting and wasting and the effects of risk factors onmalnutritionwas analyzed. Results: Out of 6337 children < 5 years, 51.0% of children were male and 57.8% of children had an average size at birth. There were 15.6, 21.5 and 10.6% of children who recently suffered from diarrhea, fever and acute respiratory infection, respectively. Child sex, age, size at birth, child morbidity, mother's education and body mass index and household wealth index were significantly associated with undernutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Conclusions: In addition to the improvement of household wealth index, more health and nutritional education for mothers should be implemented by the government to improve health and nutritional status of children < 5 years in Burkina Faso.

AB - Objective: To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Design: This study was based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional population-based data from Burkina-Faso Demographic Health Surveys 2010. Setting: This study was carried out in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Participants: The participants were 6337 children < 5 years and their mothers. Main outcome measures: Demographic characteristics, child nutrition and health status, and maternal and household information were collected. Survey-specific SAS procedures for weighting, clustering and stratification in the survey design were used. The distribution of different nutritional status, such as underweight, stunting and wasting and the effects of risk factors onmalnutritionwas analyzed. Results: Out of 6337 children < 5 years, 51.0% of children were male and 57.8% of children had an average size at birth. There were 15.6, 21.5 and 10.6% of children who recently suffered from diarrhea, fever and acute respiratory infection, respectively. Child sex, age, size at birth, child morbidity, mother's education and body mass index and household wealth index were significantly associated with undernutrition among children < 5 years in Burkina Faso. Conclusions: In addition to the improvement of household wealth index, more health and nutritional education for mothers should be implemented by the government to improve health and nutritional status of children < 5 years in Burkina Faso.

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