Factors associated with improvement in symptoms and quality of life for first-line EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment in patients with EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer - A multicenter prospective SMILE study

Yu Feng Wei, Wen Tsung Huang, Tu Chen Liu, Jiunn Min Shieh, Chih Feng Chian, Ming Fang Wu, Chih Cheng Chang, Ching Hsiung Lin, Jen Chung Ko, Chia Mo Lin, Te Chun Hsia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are a standard first-line treatment for advanced EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients. Factors associated with symptoms and quality of life (QOL) improvements have not been investigated. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, prospective study to evaluate improvements in QOL and symptoms in NSCLC patients treated with first-line EGFR-TKIs. QOL was assessed using the instrument of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lung questionnaire (FACT-L) and Treatment Outcome Index (TOI). Assessment of symptoms was evaluated using the Lung cancer subscale (LCS). Results: Eligible subjects included 280 patients for endpoint analyses. The mean FACT-L score increased by 4.0 ± 15.56 at Week 2 (p<0.001), 5.1 ± 18.48 at Week 4 (p<0.001), and 4.2 ± 20.27 at Week 12 (p=0.001). Similarly, a 2.3 ± 11.65 (p<0.001), 3.2 ± 13.59 (p<0.001), and 2.4 ± 14.34 (p=0.009) increase in mean TOI score were observed at Weeks 2, 4 and 12, respectively. For LCS, it was slightly increased by 1.7 ± 4.61, 2.0 ± 5.50, and 2.0 ± 5.36 at Weeks 2, 4, and 12 (all p<0.001), respectively. Subgroup analyses showed patients who were ex-smokers or with at least 3 metastatic sites were associated with symptoms improvement. Patients who were ex-smokers, with at least 3 metastatic sites, a PS of 1, or treated with gefitinib were associated with QOL improvement. Conclusions: In EGFR -mutated NSCLC patients who were treated with first-line EGFR-TKIs, these ex-smokers or with 3 or more metastatic sites were associated with improvements in symptoms and QOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4151-4158
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume10
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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