長期血液透析病患健康生活品質相關因素之探討

Translated title of the contribution: Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life in Regular Hemodialysis Patients

李偵碧, 黃采薇, 吳麗芬, 陳夏蓮

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The incidence and prevalence rates of end‐stage renal disease in Taiwan rank among the highest in the world. The quality of life of these patients deserves close attention.Purpose: The purposes of this study were to explore the relationships among biological functions, symptoms, functional status, general health perceptions, and health‐related quality of life in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis at a regional teaching hospital in central Taiwan.Methods: A cross‐sectional descriptive correlational study design was conducted and 137 valid questionnaires were collected. The 5 structured questionnaires used to collect data included the Biological Function, Symptom Scale, Karnofsky Performance Scale, General Health Perceptions Scale, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) scale. Date was analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software.Results: Study results found a mid‐range score for WHOQOL. Symptoms correlated negatively with WHOQOL, while functional status and general health perceptions correlated positively with WHOQOL. Participant symptoms, functional status, general health perceptions, and duration of hemodialysis were the important predictors of WHOQOL, explaining 53.5% of WHOQOL variance.Conclusions / Implications for Practice: Having fewer symptoms, better functional status, and better general health perception correlated with higher WHOQOL scores. Symptoms, functional status, and general health perception were significant predictors of WHOQOL. Health professionals must focus greater attention on the health perceptions of their patients and treat patient symptoms and compromised functional status as early as possible in order to improve quality of life.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)173-181
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing and Healthcare Research
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Renal Dialysis
Quality of Life
Health Status
Health
Taiwan
Karnofsky Performance Status
Teaching Hospitals
Software
Kidney
Incidence

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長期血液透析病患健康生活品質相關因素之探討. / 李偵碧; 黃采薇; 吳麗芬; 陳夏蓮.

In: Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2013, p. 173-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

李偵碧 ; 黃采薇 ; 吳麗芬 ; 陳夏蓮. / 長期血液透析病患健康生活品質相關因素之探討. In: Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research. 2013 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 173-181.
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AB - Background: The incidence and prevalence rates of end‐stage renal disease in Taiwan rank among the highest in the world. The quality of life of these patients deserves close attention.Purpose: The purposes of this study were to explore the relationships among biological functions, symptoms, functional status, general health perceptions, and health‐related quality of life in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis at a regional teaching hospital in central Taiwan.Methods: A cross‐sectional descriptive correlational study design was conducted and 137 valid questionnaires were collected. The 5 structured questionnaires used to collect data included the Biological Function, Symptom Scale, Karnofsky Performance Scale, General Health Perceptions Scale, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) scale. Date was analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software.Results: Study results found a mid‐range score for WHOQOL. Symptoms correlated negatively with WHOQOL, while functional status and general health perceptions correlated positively with WHOQOL. Participant symptoms, functional status, general health perceptions, and duration of hemodialysis were the important predictors of WHOQOL, explaining 53.5% of WHOQOL variance.Conclusions / Implications for Practice: Having fewer symptoms, better functional status, and better general health perception correlated with higher WHOQOL scores. Symptoms, functional status, and general health perception were significant predictors of WHOQOL. Health professionals must focus greater attention on the health perceptions of their patients and treat patient symptoms and compromised functional status as early as possible in order to improve quality of life.

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KW - 症狀

KW - 功能狀態

KW - 自覺健康狀態

KW - 血液透析

KW - health‐related quality of life

KW - symptoms

KW - functional status

KW - general health perception

KW - hemodialysis

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