Extracranial internal carotid artery occlusion: The role of common carotid artery volume flow

Teng Yeow Tan, Ulf Schminke, Li Ming Lien, B. Martin Eicke, Charles H. Tegeler

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Abstract

Background and Purpose. Quantitative measurement of blood flow volume in the common carotid artery (CCA) is now possible using the color velocity imaging quantification (CVI-Q) ultrasound technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cerebral hemodynamic effects of unilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion on CCA blood flow volumes (FVs) using CVI-Q. Methods. Records of ultrasound studies in our neurosonology laboratory were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with unilateral ICA occlusions who at a minimum received both a routine color duplex carotid ultrasound examination and quantitative measurement of FV in the CCA, bilaterally, using the CVI-Q method. A total of 71 patients met criteria and were included in the cohort. A side to side comparison was performed for FV, peak systolic velocities (PSV), end-diastolic velocities (EDV), and resistance indices (RIs) in the CCA. Results correlated with any other available data such as flow direction in the ophthalmic artery and the presence of intracranial collateralization. Results. The FV, PSV, and EDV were significantly reduced, and the RI was significantly increased in the CCA on the side of the occlusion. A subgroup analysis in patients who also had an examination of the ophthalmic (n = 61) and the intracranial arteries of the Circle of Willis (n = 50), showed significantly higher FV in the CCA on the side of the occlusion if there was also reversed flow in the ophthalmic artery on the side of the occlusion (344 ± 144 ml/min versus 169 ± 53 ml/min). Conclusion. Quantitative FV measurement using CVI-Q ultrasound can identify clear alterations in volume flow, collateral pathways, and cerebral hemodynamics in patients with unilateral ICA occlusion. It is a complementary tool, providing additional objective information about the cerebral hemodynamic effects of ICA occlusion that goes beyond what is available using routine flow velocity data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-147
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Collateral pathways
  • Common carotid artery flow volume
  • Internal carotid artery occlusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Tan, T. Y., Schminke, U., Lien, L. M., Martin Eicke, B., & Tegeler, C. H. (2002). Extracranial internal carotid artery occlusion: The role of common carotid artery volume flow. Journal of Neuroimaging, 12(2), 144-147.