Extracorporal liver support with molecular adsorbents recirculating system in patients with hepatitis B-associated fulminant hepatic failure

M. H. Tsai, Y. C. Chen, C. S. Wu, Y. P. Ho, J. T. Fang, J. M. Lien, C. Yang, N. J. Liu, C. T. Chiu, Yun yi Chu, C. H. Lin, Pang chi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most prevalent cause of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) in the Far East. HBV-associated FHF is characterised by rapidly progressive end organ dysfunction/failure and a very poor prognosis. To investigate how molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) treatment impacts multiple organ system function in HBV-associated FHF. Ten consecutive patients were treated with MARS in a period of 12 month s. Clinical, biochemical and haemodynamic parameters were assessed before and after MARS. Various disease severity scoring systems including model for end-stage liver disease, APACHE II, APACHE III, sequential organ failure assessment and organ system failure scores were also assessed. There were significant improvements in hepatic encephalopathy grading (p < 0.001), mean arterial pressure (p < 0.001), plasma renin activity (p = 0.027), bilirubin (p < 0.001), ammonia (p = 0.001) and creatinine levels (p < 0.001). There were also significant improvements in all the scoring systems evaluated. Meanwhile, platelet count was significantly decreased (p < 0.001). One patient was successfully bridged to liver transplantation. Three patients were alive at 3 months of follow-up. MARS can improve multiple organ functions in HBV-associated FHF. On the basis of these findings, randomised controlled studies are indicated and justified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289-1294
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fulminant hepatic failure
  • HBV
  • MARS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Extracorporal liver support with molecular adsorbents recirculating system in patients with hepatitis B-associated fulminant hepatic failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this