Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires

J. M. Li, Z. H. Huang, C. Chen, J. Chuang, Y. Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Fire safety in tunnels is a concern due to the large traffic flow, especially in a tunnel with a great slope. Experimental studies on the smoke spread in a small-scale titled tunnel are carried out. Effects of the titled gradients and longitudinal ventilation speed on the temperature distribution and smoke stratification downstream from the fire along the tunnel will be studied. The results show that the smoke spread upwards much faster with the slop gradient increasing, and a thick smoke layer was formed when smoke moved to the upward part of the tunnel and filled it up. The ventilation speed had a great influence on temperature distribution along the tunnel. Lower ventilation speed should be kept at the start of the fire to ensure the smoke layer not be destroyed downstream of the fire to give the tunnel users more time to escape.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015
EditorsYun-Hae Kim
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages1129-1132
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781138029163
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015 - Guangzhou, China
Duration: Jun 20 2015Jun 21 2015

Conference

Conference4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015
CountryChina
CityGuangzhou
Period6/20/156/21/15

Fingerprint

Smoke
smoke
Tunnels
Fires
tunnel
experimental study
Ventilation
ventilation
Temperature distribution
stratification
temperature
safety
speed

Keywords

  • Fire
  • Reduced-scale model
  • Smoke spread
  • Underground tunnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Li, J. M., Huang, Z. H., Chen, C., Chuang, J., & Li, Y. (2016). Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires. In Y-H. Kim (Ed.), Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015 (pp. 1129-1132). CRC Press/Balkema.

Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires. / Li, J. M.; Huang, Z. H.; Chen, C.; Chuang, J.; Li, Y.

Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015. ed. / Yun-Hae Kim. CRC Press/Balkema, 2016. p. 1129-1132.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Li, JM, Huang, ZH, Chen, C, Chuang, J & Li, Y 2016, Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires. in Y-H Kim (ed.), Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015. CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 1129-1132, 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015, Guangzhou, China, 6/20/15.
Li JM, Huang ZH, Chen C, Chuang J, Li Y. Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires. In Kim Y-H, editor, Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015. CRC Press/Balkema. 2016. p. 1129-1132
Li, J. M. ; Huang, Z. H. ; Chen, C. ; Chuang, J. ; Li, Y. / Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires. Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015. editor / Yun-Hae Kim. CRC Press/Balkema, 2016. pp. 1129-1132
@inproceedings{c997d394d68a4b7ea9bb910e68fee206,
title = "Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires",
abstract = "Fire safety in tunnels is a concern due to the large traffic flow, especially in a tunnel with a great slope. Experimental studies on the smoke spread in a small-scale titled tunnel are carried out. Effects of the titled gradients and longitudinal ventilation speed on the temperature distribution and smoke stratification downstream from the fire along the tunnel will be studied. The results show that the smoke spread upwards much faster with the slop gradient increasing, and a thick smoke layer was formed when smoke moved to the upward part of the tunnel and filled it up. The ventilation speed had a great influence on temperature distribution along the tunnel. Lower ventilation speed should be kept at the start of the fire to ensure the smoke layer not be destroyed downstream of the fire to give the tunnel users more time to escape.",
keywords = "Fire, Reduced-scale model, Smoke spread, Underground tunnel",
author = "Li, {J. M.} and Huang, {Z. H.} and C. Chen and J. Chuang and Y. Li",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781138029163",
pages = "1129--1132",
editor = "Yun-Hae Kim",
booktitle = "Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015",
publisher = "CRC Press/Balkema",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Experimental study on smoke propagation in titled underground tunnel fires

AU - Li, J. M.

AU - Huang, Z. H.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Chuang, J.

AU - Li, Y.

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Fire safety in tunnels is a concern due to the large traffic flow, especially in a tunnel with a great slope. Experimental studies on the smoke spread in a small-scale titled tunnel are carried out. Effects of the titled gradients and longitudinal ventilation speed on the temperature distribution and smoke stratification downstream from the fire along the tunnel will be studied. The results show that the smoke spread upwards much faster with the slop gradient increasing, and a thick smoke layer was formed when smoke moved to the upward part of the tunnel and filled it up. The ventilation speed had a great influence on temperature distribution along the tunnel. Lower ventilation speed should be kept at the start of the fire to ensure the smoke layer not be destroyed downstream of the fire to give the tunnel users more time to escape.

AB - Fire safety in tunnels is a concern due to the large traffic flow, especially in a tunnel with a great slope. Experimental studies on the smoke spread in a small-scale titled tunnel are carried out. Effects of the titled gradients and longitudinal ventilation speed on the temperature distribution and smoke stratification downstream from the fire along the tunnel will be studied. The results show that the smoke spread upwards much faster with the slop gradient increasing, and a thick smoke layer was formed when smoke moved to the upward part of the tunnel and filled it up. The ventilation speed had a great influence on temperature distribution along the tunnel. Lower ventilation speed should be kept at the start of the fire to ensure the smoke layer not be destroyed downstream of the fire to give the tunnel users more time to escape.

KW - Fire

KW - Reduced-scale model

KW - Smoke spread

KW - Underground tunnel

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84961999843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84961999843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84961999843

SN - 9781138029163

SP - 1129

EP - 1132

BT - Progress in Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering - Selected Papers of the 4th International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Hydraulic Engineering, ICCAHE 2015

A2 - Kim, Yun-Hae

PB - CRC Press/Balkema

ER -