Experience in surgical management of tumours involving the cavernous sinus

Yong Kwang Tu, Ming Yuan Tseng, Hon Man Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Potential injury to the neurovascular structures within the cavernous sinus often prohibits aggressive removal of tumours involving it, however, fully understanding the anatomy and selecting an appropriate surgical approach can often resolve this problem with acceptable morbidity. Moreover, a tumour may originate from different anatomical structures of the cavernous sinus which will influence the difficulty and outcome of the surgery. In general, tumours in this region can be classified as intradural, intracavernous and invasive types. The strategy of surgical treatment varies among these different anatomical types. Therefore, preoperative evaluation of tumours in the cavernous sinus is critical for the selection of an appropriate microsurgical approach. During the past 5 years, 12 tumours involving the cavernous sinus have been operated upon which included four neuromas, three meningiomas, three cavernous haemangiomas, one plasmacytoma and one chondroma. Nine of these twelve tumours were totally resected after one or two operations. There was no surgical mortality and the most common morbidity was transient cranial nerve palsy. At 2 months after surgery there was no additional postoperative cranial nerve deficit in all the patients; however, one patient developed a postoperative middle cerebral artery infarct due to accidental injury to the internal carotid artery during surgery. The respectability of the tumour mostly depends on its consistency and the involvement of the adjacent anatomy. The pathoanatomical features of the tumours and the clinicoradiological findings, as well as the selection of the microsurgical approach, are discussed. (C) 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cavernous haemangioma
  • Cavernous sinus
  • Chondroma
  • Meningioma
  • Microsurgical approach
  • Plasmacytoma
  • Trigeminal neuroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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