Abstract

Fall prevention requires a multifaceted approach that should include individual risk assessment and intervention strategies. Exercise interventions may mitigate most risk factors for falls (eg, balance impairment, gait impairment, and muscle weakness). Numerous systematic reviews or meta-analyses have assessed the effectiveness of exercise interventions among people with various types of neurological disorders; however, the evidence obtained has not been synthesized into an overview. Therefore, the present systematic review assessed systematic reviews of exercise intervention for fall prevention among people with neurological disorders. The research sources were the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, and Embase. Eligible studies were selected, and data were extracted independently by two reviewers. A total of 15 studies (six systematic reviews and nine meta-analyses) were included. These systematic reviews examined in this study have demonstrated that exercise interventions reduced the number, frequency, and rate of falls among people with neurological disorders, including cognitive impairment, dementia, and Parkinson disease. Furthermore, the current study presented insufficient evidence regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions for fall prevention among people with stroke, multiple sclerosis, and diabetes mellitus with polyneuropathy. Therefore, additional investigations are necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise for fall prevention among people with multiple sclerosis, stroke, and diabetes mellitus with polyneuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-930
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume98
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Exercise Intervention
  • Fall Prevention
  • Neurological Disorder
  • Systematic Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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