Ex vivo and in vivo studies of CME-1, a novel polysaccharide purified from the mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis that inhibits human platelet activation by activating adenylate cyclase/cyclic AMP

Wan-Jung Lu, Nen Chung Chang, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Jiun Cheng Liao, Mei Jiun Lin, Shwu Huey Wang, Duen Suey Chou, Philip Aloysius Thomas, Joen Rong Sheu

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Introduction CME-1, a novel water-soluble polysaccharide, was purified from the mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis, and its chemical structure was characterized to contain mannose and galactose in a ratio of 4:6 (27.6 kDa). CME-1 was originally observed to exert a potent inhibitory effect on tumor migration and a cytoprotective effect against oxidative stress. Activation of platelets caused by arterial thrombosis is relevant to various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, no data are available concerning the effects of CME-1 on platelet activation. Hence, the purpose of this study was to examine the ex vivo and in vivo antithrombotic effects of CME-1 and its possible mechanisms in platelet activation.

Methods The aggregometry, immunoblotting, flow cytometric analysis and platelet functional analysis were used in this study.

Results CME-1 (2.3-7.6 μM) exhibited highly potent activity in inhibiting human platelet aggregation when stimulated by collagen, thrombin, and arachidonic acid but not by U46619. CME-1 inhibited platelet activation accompanied by inhibiting Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), thromboxane B2 (TxB2) and hydroxyl radical (OH) formation. However, CME-1 interrupted neither FITC-triflavin nor FITC-collagen binding to platelets. CME-1 markedly increased cyclic AMP levels, but not cyclic GMP levels, and stimulated vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation. SQ22536, an inhibitor of adenylate cyclase, but not ODQ, an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase, obviously reversed the CME-1-mediated effects on platelet aggregation and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), Akt, p38 MAPK phosphorylation, and TxB2 formation. CME-1 substantially prolonged the closure time of whole blood and the occlusion time of platelet plug formation.

Conclusion This study demonstrates for the first time that CME-1 exhibits highly potent antiplatelet activity that may initially activate adenylate cyclase/cyclic AMP and, subsequently, inhibit intracellular signals (such as Akt and MAPKs), ultimately inhibiting platelet activation. This novel role of CME-1 indicates that CME-1 exhibits high potential for application in treating and preventing CVDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1310
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014



  • CME-1
  • Cordyceps sinensis
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Platelet activation
  • Polysaccharide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Medicine(all)

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