Evidence of plasma biomarkers indicating high risk of dementia in cognitively normal subjects

Ming Chyi Pai, Chau Chung Wu, Yi Chou Hou, Jiann Shing Jeng, Sung Chun Tang, Wei Che Lin, Cheng Hsien Lu, Ming Jang Chiu, Ta Fu Chen, Sui Hing Yan, Chaur Jong Hu, Shieh Yueh Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Subjects with comorbidities are at risk for neurodegeneration. There is a lack of a direct relationship between comorbidities and neurodegeneration. In this study, immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) assays were utilized to assay plasma Aβ1–42 and total tau protein (T-Tau) levels in poststroke (PS, n = 27), family history of Alzheimer’s disease (ADFH, n = 35), diabetes (n = 21), end-stage renal disease (ESRD, n = 41), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA, n = 20), Alzheimer’s disease (AD, n = 65). Thirty-seven healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. The measured concentrations of plasma Aβ1–42 were 14.26 ± 1.42, 15.43 ± 1.76, 15.52 ± 1.60, 16.15 ± 1.05, 16.52 ± 0.59, 15.97 ± 0.54 and 20.06 ± 3.09 pg/mL in HC, PS, ADFH, diabetes, ESRD, OSA and AD groups, respectively. The corresponding concentrations of plasma T-Tau were 15.13 ± 3.62, 19.29 ± 8.01, 17.93 ± 6.26, 19.74 ± 2.92, 21.54 ± 2.72, 20.17 ± 2.77 and 41.24 ± 14.64 pg/mL. The plasma levels of Aβ1–42 and T-Tau in were significantly higher in the PS, ADFH, diabetes, ESRD and OSA groups than controls (Aβ1–42 in PS: 15.43 ± 1.76 pg/mL vs. 14.26 ± 1.42 pg/mL, p < 0.005; T-Tau in PS: 19.29 ± 8.01 vs. 15.13 ± 3.62 pg/mL, p < 0.005, Aβ1–42 in ADFH: 15.52 ± 1.60 pg/mL vs. 14.26 ± 1.42 pg/mL, p < 0.001; T-Tau in ADFH: 17.93 ± 6.26 vs. 15.13 ± 3.62 pg/mL, p < 0.005, Aβ1–42 in diabetes: 16.15 ± 1.05 pg/mL vs. 14.26 ± 1.42 pg/mL, p < 0.001; T-Tau in diabetes: 19.74 ± 2.92 vs. 15.13 ± 3.62 pg/mL, p < 0.001, Aβ1–42 in ESRD: 16.52 ± 0.59 pg/mL vs. 14.26 ± 1.42 pg/mL, p < 0.001; T-Tau in ESRD: 21.54 ± 2.72 vs. 15.13 ± 3.62 pg/mL, p < 0.001, Aβ1–42 in OSA: 15.97 ± 0.54 pg/mL vs. 14.26 ± 1.42 pg/mL, p < 0.001; T-Tau in OSA: 20.17 ± 2.77 vs. 15.13 ± 3.62 pg/mL, p < 0.001). This evidence indicates the high risk for dementia in these groups from the perspective of plasma biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1192
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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