Evaluation of the peri-implant bone level around platform-switched dental implants: A retrospective 3-year radiographic study

Yu Hwa Pan, His Kuei Lin, Jerry C.Y. Lin, Yung Szu Hsu, Yi Fan Wu, Eisner Salamanca, Wei Jen Chang

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To describe remodeling of the mesial and distal marginal bone level around platform-switched (PS) and platform-matched (PM) dental implants that were sandblasted with large grit and etched with acid over a three-year period. Materials and Methods: Digital periapical radiographs were obtained at the following time-points: During Stage I of the surgical placement of dental implants, before loading, immediately after loading (baseline), and one, three, six, 12, and 36 months after loading for measuring the horizontal and vertical marginal bone levels. Results: Sixty implants were successfully osseointegrated during the overall observation period. Vertical marginal bone levels for the PS and PM dental implants were 0.78 ± 0.77 and 0.98 ± 0.81 mm, respectively, whereas the horizontal marginal bone levels for the PS and PM implants were 0.84 ± 0.45 and 0.98 ± 0.68 mm, respectively. During the time leading up to the procedure until 36 months after the procedure, the average vertical marginal bone level resulted in less bone loss for the PS and PM groups—0.96 ± 1.28 and 0.30 ± 1.15 mm, respectively (p < 0.05). The mean levels of the horizontal marginal bone also showed increases of 0.48 ± 1.01mmin the PS and 0.37 ± 0.77mmin the PM groups from the time before loading until 36 months after the procedure. However, these increases were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Conclusion: PS dental implants appeared to be more effective than PM implants for minimizing the mean marginal vertical and horizontal marginal bone loss during the three-year period. Regardless of which abutment connection was used, the dental implant in the present retrospective investigation exhibited minimal marginal bone remodeling, thus indicating long-term stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2570
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 18 2019


  • Dental implant
  • Peri-implant bone level
  • Platform switching
  • Bone and Bones
  • Osseointegration
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Dental Implants/adverse effects
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Radiography, Dental
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous/instrumentation
  • Bone-Anchored Prosthesis/adverse effects
  • Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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