Etiology of community acquired pneumonia among adult patients requiring hospitalization in Taiwan

Tsai Ling Lauderdale, Feng Yee Chang, Ren Jy Ben, Hsiao Chuan Yin, Yuen Hua Ni, Jen Wen Tsai, Shu Hsing Cheng, Jann Tay Wang, Yung Ching Liu, Yan Wan Cheng, Shu Ting Chen, Chang Phone Fung, Yin Ching Chuang, Hsiao Pei Cheng, Daniel C T Lu, Chieh Ju Liu, I. Wen Huang, Che Lun Hung, Chin Fu Hsiao, Monto Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There has not been a comprehensive multi-center study investigating the microbial profile of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Taiwan. Methods: A prospective study of adult CAP patients requiring hospitalization between December 2001 and April 2002 was carried out in 13 hospitals in Taiwan. Etiology was determined based on laboratory data from blood and sputum cultures plus serology from paired serum and urine antigen detection tests. Results: Etiology was assigned to 99 (58.9%) of the 168 patients having the most complete data for etiology determination, with mixed infection in 21 (12.5%) patients. More than half (51.8%) of the patients were > 60 years and 63.7% of the patients were males. The most common etiologic agent was Streptococcus pneumoniae (40, 23.8%), the majority (60%, 24 cases) of which was detected by positive urine antigen test. Other common agents included Mycoplasma pneumoniae (24, 14.3%), Chlamydia pneumoniae (12, 7.1%), Influenza A virus (11, 6.5%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (8, 4.8%) and Haemophilus influenzae (8, 4.8%). The prevalence of S. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae was highest in patients > 60 years (25/87, 28.7%), and

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079-1086
Number of pages8
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume99
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taiwan
Pneumonia
Hospitalization
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Urine
Antigens
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
Influenza A virus
Haemophilus influenzae
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Serology
Sputum
Coinfection
Prospective Studies
Serum

Keywords

  • Cap in hospitalized adult patients
  • CAP in Taiwan
  • Community acquired pneumonia
  • Etiology of CAP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Lauderdale, T. L., Chang, F. Y., Ben, R. J., Yin, H. C., Ni, Y. H., Tsai, J. W., ... Ho, M. (2005). Etiology of community acquired pneumonia among adult patients requiring hospitalization in Taiwan. Respiratory Medicine, 99(9), 1079-1086. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2005.02.026

Etiology of community acquired pneumonia among adult patients requiring hospitalization in Taiwan. / Lauderdale, Tsai Ling; Chang, Feng Yee; Ben, Ren Jy; Yin, Hsiao Chuan; Ni, Yuen Hua; Tsai, Jen Wen; Cheng, Shu Hsing; Wang, Jann Tay; Liu, Yung Ching; Cheng, Yan Wan; Chen, Shu Ting; Fung, Chang Phone; Chuang, Yin Ching; Cheng, Hsiao Pei; Lu, Daniel C T; Liu, Chieh Ju; Huang, I. Wen; Hung, Che Lun; Hsiao, Chin Fu; Ho, Monto.

In: Respiratory Medicine, Vol. 99, No. 9, 09.2005, p. 1079-1086.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lauderdale, TL, Chang, FY, Ben, RJ, Yin, HC, Ni, YH, Tsai, JW, Cheng, SH, Wang, JT, Liu, YC, Cheng, YW, Chen, ST, Fung, CP, Chuang, YC, Cheng, HP, Lu, DCT, Liu, CJ, Huang, IW, Hung, CL, Hsiao, CF & Ho, M 2005, 'Etiology of community acquired pneumonia among adult patients requiring hospitalization in Taiwan', Respiratory Medicine, vol. 99, no. 9, pp. 1079-1086. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2005.02.026
Lauderdale, Tsai Ling ; Chang, Feng Yee ; Ben, Ren Jy ; Yin, Hsiao Chuan ; Ni, Yuen Hua ; Tsai, Jen Wen ; Cheng, Shu Hsing ; Wang, Jann Tay ; Liu, Yung Ching ; Cheng, Yan Wan ; Chen, Shu Ting ; Fung, Chang Phone ; Chuang, Yin Ching ; Cheng, Hsiao Pei ; Lu, Daniel C T ; Liu, Chieh Ju ; Huang, I. Wen ; Hung, Che Lun ; Hsiao, Chin Fu ; Ho, Monto. / Etiology of community acquired pneumonia among adult patients requiring hospitalization in Taiwan. In: Respiratory Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 99, No. 9. pp. 1079-1086.
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abstract = "Background: There has not been a comprehensive multi-center study investigating the microbial profile of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Taiwan. Methods: A prospective study of adult CAP patients requiring hospitalization between December 2001 and April 2002 was carried out in 13 hospitals in Taiwan. Etiology was determined based on laboratory data from blood and sputum cultures plus serology from paired serum and urine antigen detection tests. Results: Etiology was assigned to 99 (58.9{\%}) of the 168 patients having the most complete data for etiology determination, with mixed infection in 21 (12.5{\%}) patients. More than half (51.8{\%}) of the patients were > 60 years and 63.7{\%} of the patients were males. The most common etiologic agent was Streptococcus pneumoniae (40, 23.8{\%}), the majority (60{\%}, 24 cases) of which was detected by positive urine antigen test. Other common agents included Mycoplasma pneumoniae (24, 14.3{\%}), Chlamydia pneumoniae (12, 7.1{\%}), Influenza A virus (11, 6.5{\%}), Klebsiella pneumoniae (8, 4.8{\%}) and Haemophilus influenzae (8, 4.8{\%}). The prevalence of S. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae was highest in patients > 60 years (25/87, 28.7{\%}), and",
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AU - Ben, Ren Jy

AU - Yin, Hsiao Chuan

AU - Ni, Yuen Hua

AU - Tsai, Jen Wen

AU - Cheng, Shu Hsing

AU - Wang, Jann Tay

AU - Liu, Yung Ching

AU - Cheng, Yan Wan

AU - Chen, Shu Ting

AU - Fung, Chang Phone

AU - Chuang, Yin Ching

AU - Cheng, Hsiao Pei

AU - Lu, Daniel C T

AU - Liu, Chieh Ju

AU - Huang, I. Wen

AU - Hung, Che Lun

AU - Hsiao, Chin Fu

AU - Ho, Monto

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