This article describes ethical issues related to the conduction of nursing research. The examination of the ethics of the researcher was based on ethical competence and related theories, including (1) the selection of research topic and the motive to conduct the research, (2) should the researcher give up one of the two grants funded from different organizations, (3) the use of one grant to study two totally unrelated topics, and (4) the ownership and right to use of the data collected. Two ethical issues related to the publishing and awards also were addressed: (1) authorship and order of the author names, and (2) the division of monetary awards among researchers. Ethical considerations in the protection on the welfare of research subjects were: (1) fairness and justice when selecting research subjects, (2) informed consent, (3) confidentiality, data security and the protection of privacy, and (4) compensation for injury or complications from research procedures. Nursing research and research activities are increasing in both volume and diversity. Nursing ethics will be an area of high importance in the development of nursing research.