Estimation of mean-glandular dose from monitoring breast entrance skin air kerma using a high sensitivity metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeter system in mammography

S. L. Dong, T. C. Chu, J. S. Lee, G. Y. Lan, T. H. Wu, Y. H. Yeh, J. J. Hwang

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Estimation of mean-glandular dose (MGD) has been investigated in recent years due to the potential risks of radiation-induced carcinogenesis associated with the mammographic examination for diagnostic radiology. In this study, a new technique for immediate readout of breast entrance skin air kerma (BESAK) using high sensitivity MOSFET dosimeter after mammographic projection was introduced and a formula for the prediction of tube output with exposure records was developed. A series of appropriate conversion factors was applied to the MGD determination from the BESAK. The study results showed that signal response of the high sensitivity MOSFET exhibited excellent linearity within mammographic dose ranges, and that the energy dependence was less than 3% for each anode/filter combination at the tube potentials 25-30kV. Good agreement was observed between the BESAK and the tube exposure output measurement for breasts thicker than 30mm. In addition, the air kerma estimated from our prediction formula provided sufficient accuracy for thinner breasts. The average MGD from 120 Asian females was 1.5mGy, comparable to other studies. Our results suggest that the high sensitivity MOSFET dosimeter system is a good candidate for immediately readout of BESAK after mammographic procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-799
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes



  • Mean-glandular dose
  • MOSFET dosimeter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

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