建構急診小兒科常用藥物劑量決策支援系統促進用藥安全

Translated title of the contribution: Establishment of a Drug-dosage Decision Supporting System to Improve Drug-safety in Pediatric Emergency Department

Chung-Yao Su, Chun-Hsien Li, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hung-Wen Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The issue of patient safety is highly respected in recent years. Although there were much reports about how to improve patient safety, few discussion about medication-safety in pediatric patients. Accordingly, pediatric patients suffered from more adverse drug events and harms easily in medical malpractice than adults. Usually, dosage adjustment by physician is necessary in pediatric medication. However, medication error often happens when calculated about drug dosage. Pediatric patients, especially who visit emergency room (ER) are more valuable to medication error, due to lack of standardized dosage of pediatric medication. Much medical malpractice in pediatric drugs was announced recently. The reason is that there is no drug-dosage information system designed for pediatrics. Pediatric patients suffered from more adverse drug events and harms than adults. The aim of this study was to collect the category of common medication error in pediatric patients, and to build a drug-dosage decision support System. Then we applied it to improve patient safety in pediatric emergency department by reducing the incidence of dosage errors.
This study was performed in an emergency unit in a medical center in North Taiwan. Initially, by literature review and a professional conference we collected the drugs most common prone to ME (Medication Error) in the pediatric emergency care setting. Next, we collected these drugs' information about therapeutic indications, dosage, administration, maximum dose. After arranging and categorizing these drugs' information, we created an electronic database for pediatric dosage in emergency room. Subsequently, a weight-based pediatric dosage decision support system was designed on web interface to support the pediatric emergency care professionals (ex. physicians, pharmacists and nurses) prescribing or re-checking the dosage. Finally, the effect of system was evaluated by the investigation analysis by emergency care staffs.
In results, there are the most common prescribed in the emergency department and prone to medication error selected and made the rules of dose calculation in this study. All the emergency staffs who involve in this study agreed that this system is beneficial to prescribe or re-check the pediatric dosage. This system was evaluated by 20 clinical professionals for its usage and 97.1% users satisfied with it. Moreover, over 98% decisions provided by this system were evaluated as correct and acceptable. We hope that the healthcare professionals could spend less time to calculate the dosage and get more correct recommend dosage and reduce medication error by this pediatric dosage decision support system in the future.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Journal醫療資訊雜誌
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Hospital Emergency Service
Pediatrics
Safety
Medication Errors
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Emergency Medical Services
Patient Safety
Malpractice
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Physicians
Taiwan
Pharmacists
Information Systems
Emergencies
Nurses
Databases

Cite this

建構急診小兒科常用藥物劑量決策支援系統促進用藥安全. / Su, Chung-Yao ; Li, Chun-Hsien ; Hsu, Chien-Yeh; Chiu, Hung-Wen.

In: 醫療資訊雜誌, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2010, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Su, Chung-Yao ; Li, Chun-Hsien ; Hsu, Chien-Yeh ; Chiu, Hung-Wen. / 建構急診小兒科常用藥物劑量決策支援系統促進用藥安全. In: 醫療資訊雜誌. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 1-18.
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abstract = "近年來病人安全之議題受到極大的重視,雖然有許多有關如何改善病人安全的報告發表,但是其中以小兒用藥安全之議題的文獻卻仍相當的缺乏。根據研究報導,小兒科的病患比成年人更易因爲醫療疏失而發生傷害,因爲小兒藥物劑量通常需要醫師做劑量之調整,然而在劑量計算過程卻是一個相當容易發生藥物錯誤(Medication Error,簡稱ME)因素。小兒用藥缺乏一個標準劑量值,因爲同年齡嬰幼兒的體重個體化差異性很大,因此小兒科病患容易遭遇ME及傷害,尤其是在急診小兒科。近年來國內的急診小兒藥物疏失頻傳,探究其原因爲缺乏專爲小兒科所設計的資訊系統,來協助醫療人員提升小兒用藥安全。因此本研究之目的在整理急診小兒常見ME之藥物,歸納整理相關之藥物劑量資訊並建立劑量決策規則,並建立一個「急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統」來輔助急診小兒科之醫療人員,期望降低藥物劑量錯誤發生率,提升急診小兒科病患之用藥安全。 本研究是以北部某醫學中心急診小兒科作爲研究施行單位。首先整理有關急診小兒常見ME之文獻資料,歸納出常用之藥物,然後收集統整相關藥物的劑量建議、適應症狀、給藥途徑及藥物劑量等資訊,制定劑量決策規則並將此規則建立於藥物劑量資料庫中,並建置以Web爲操作介面的「急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統」,用來協助急診醫療人員進行小兒用藥劑量之評估。最後以劑量合理性評估及系統滿意度調查之方式來評估系統之效果與接受度。 整理歸納出急診小兒常見ME之藥物,並建置劑量決策規則及急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統。經由藥師及醫師進行系統評估,系統建議劑量合理性可達98.3{\%}。針對使用者滿意度調查之結果,回收20份臨床專業人員之有效問卷,系統總滿意度達97.1{\%}。醫療人員認爲本系統可以提供快速且適合病患之劑量建議,對於小兒劑量之評估相當有幫助,不僅可以減輕工作上之心理壓力且可以降低ME之發生。此評估結論肯定了本研究之結果。",
keywords = "用藥安全, 小兒科, 急診, 決策支援系統, 劑量計算, Medication-safety, Pediatric, Emergency Department, Decision Support System, Dose Calculation",
author = "Chung-Yao Su and Chun-Hsien Li and Chien-Yeh Hsu and Hung-Wen Chiu",
year = "2010",
language = "繁體中文",
volume = "19",
pages = "1--18",
journal = "醫療資訊雜誌",
issn = "1021-3155",
publisher = "社團法人台灣醫學資訊學會",
number = "2",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - 建構急診小兒科常用藥物劑量決策支援系統促進用藥安全

AU - Su, Chung-Yao

AU - Li, Chun-Hsien

AU - Hsu, Chien-Yeh

AU - Chiu, Hung-Wen

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - 近年來病人安全之議題受到極大的重視,雖然有許多有關如何改善病人安全的報告發表,但是其中以小兒用藥安全之議題的文獻卻仍相當的缺乏。根據研究報導,小兒科的病患比成年人更易因爲醫療疏失而發生傷害,因爲小兒藥物劑量通常需要醫師做劑量之調整,然而在劑量計算過程卻是一個相當容易發生藥物錯誤(Medication Error,簡稱ME)因素。小兒用藥缺乏一個標準劑量值,因爲同年齡嬰幼兒的體重個體化差異性很大,因此小兒科病患容易遭遇ME及傷害,尤其是在急診小兒科。近年來國內的急診小兒藥物疏失頻傳,探究其原因爲缺乏專爲小兒科所設計的資訊系統,來協助醫療人員提升小兒用藥安全。因此本研究之目的在整理急診小兒常見ME之藥物,歸納整理相關之藥物劑量資訊並建立劑量決策規則,並建立一個「急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統」來輔助急診小兒科之醫療人員,期望降低藥物劑量錯誤發生率,提升急診小兒科病患之用藥安全。 本研究是以北部某醫學中心急診小兒科作爲研究施行單位。首先整理有關急診小兒常見ME之文獻資料,歸納出常用之藥物,然後收集統整相關藥物的劑量建議、適應症狀、給藥途徑及藥物劑量等資訊,制定劑量決策規則並將此規則建立於藥物劑量資料庫中,並建置以Web爲操作介面的「急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統」,用來協助急診醫療人員進行小兒用藥劑量之評估。最後以劑量合理性評估及系統滿意度調查之方式來評估系統之效果與接受度。 整理歸納出急診小兒常見ME之藥物,並建置劑量決策規則及急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統。經由藥師及醫師進行系統評估,系統建議劑量合理性可達98.3%。針對使用者滿意度調查之結果,回收20份臨床專業人員之有效問卷,系統總滿意度達97.1%。醫療人員認爲本系統可以提供快速且適合病患之劑量建議,對於小兒劑量之評估相當有幫助,不僅可以減輕工作上之心理壓力且可以降低ME之發生。此評估結論肯定了本研究之結果。

AB - 近年來病人安全之議題受到極大的重視,雖然有許多有關如何改善病人安全的報告發表,但是其中以小兒用藥安全之議題的文獻卻仍相當的缺乏。根據研究報導,小兒科的病患比成年人更易因爲醫療疏失而發生傷害,因爲小兒藥物劑量通常需要醫師做劑量之調整,然而在劑量計算過程卻是一個相當容易發生藥物錯誤(Medication Error,簡稱ME)因素。小兒用藥缺乏一個標準劑量值,因爲同年齡嬰幼兒的體重個體化差異性很大,因此小兒科病患容易遭遇ME及傷害,尤其是在急診小兒科。近年來國內的急診小兒藥物疏失頻傳,探究其原因爲缺乏專爲小兒科所設計的資訊系統,來協助醫療人員提升小兒用藥安全。因此本研究之目的在整理急診小兒常見ME之藥物,歸納整理相關之藥物劑量資訊並建立劑量決策規則,並建立一個「急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統」來輔助急診小兒科之醫療人員,期望降低藥物劑量錯誤發生率,提升急診小兒科病患之用藥安全。 本研究是以北部某醫學中心急診小兒科作爲研究施行單位。首先整理有關急診小兒常見ME之文獻資料,歸納出常用之藥物,然後收集統整相關藥物的劑量建議、適應症狀、給藥途徑及藥物劑量等資訊,制定劑量決策規則並將此規則建立於藥物劑量資料庫中,並建置以Web爲操作介面的「急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統」,用來協助急診醫療人員進行小兒用藥劑量之評估。最後以劑量合理性評估及系統滿意度調查之方式來評估系統之效果與接受度。 整理歸納出急診小兒常見ME之藥物,並建置劑量決策規則及急診小兒常用藥物劑量決策支援系統。經由藥師及醫師進行系統評估,系統建議劑量合理性可達98.3%。針對使用者滿意度調查之結果,回收20份臨床專業人員之有效問卷,系統總滿意度達97.1%。醫療人員認爲本系統可以提供快速且適合病患之劑量建議,對於小兒劑量之評估相當有幫助,不僅可以減輕工作上之心理壓力且可以降低ME之發生。此評估結論肯定了本研究之結果。

KW - 用藥安全

KW - 小兒科

KW - 急診

KW - 決策支援系統

KW - 劑量計算

KW - Medication-safety

KW - Pediatric

KW - Emergency Department

KW - Decision Support System

KW - Dose Calculation

M3 - 文章

VL - 19

SP - 1

EP - 18

JO - 醫療資訊雜誌

JF - 醫療資訊雜誌

SN - 1021-3155

IS - 2

ER -