皮膚砷癌之流行病學特徵與危險因子

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiologic Characteristics and Risk Factors of Arsenic-Induced Skin Cancer

Yu-Mei Hsueh, Chien Jen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research on the epidemiologic characteristics and risk factors of arsenic-induced skin cancer were reviewed in detail. Arsenic-induced skin cancers are nonmelanoma skin cancers. Nonmelanoma skin cancers are much more common in white than in black or other dark-skinned populations. The incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer is greater in males than in females. It occurs mostly on the face, head and neck, while the trunk and upper extremities are the next most common sites. The risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer is asscciated with the sunlight exposure in a dose-response relationship. Ultraviolet radiation, chemicals, ionizing radiation, immunologic and other host factors are risk factors for nonmelanoma skin cancer. Arsenic is a metalloid element, contaminating the environment through leaching from mineral ores, copper smelting, and other industrial and agricultural sources. Inorganic arsenic is much more toxic than organic arsenic compounds. It induces gastrointestinal disturbance, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, liver and kidney damage, skin lesions and cancers. Inorganic arsenic has been documented as a human carcinogen of the skin and lung. Exposure to inorganic arsenic from medicinal, environmental and occupational sources has been found to be associated with the development of skin cancer. In contrast with nonmelanoma cancers of other etiologies, arsenic-induced skin cancers occur on every part of the body, especially marked in areas unexposed to sunlight, such as the palms, soles, extremities and trunk. They are multifocal and randomly distributed epidermal carcinoma lesions. A dose-response relationship between the prevalence and mortality of skin cancer and the arsenic concentration of artesian well water has been well documented in a black-foot disease endemic area on the southwest coast of Taiwan. A significant dose-response relation has recently been reported between skin cancer prevalence and chronic arsenic exposure, indexed by duration of living in the endemic area, duration of consuming high-arsenic contaminated artesian well water, average arsenic in artesian well water and cumulative arsenic exposure. Salt field working, chronic HBsAg carrier status with liver dysfunction, and high consumption of dried sweet potatoes have been found to be significantly associated with an increased prevalence of arsenic-induced skin cancer in those living in the blackfoot disease endemic area. Arsenic metabolism capacity, distribution of urinary arsenic species, serum level of micronutrients and immunologic profiles need to be explored for their associations with arsenic-induced skin cancer. Skin cancer has been considered as a biological marker for chronic inorganic arsenic exposure. Both standardized mortality ratio and cumulative mortality of skin cancer and various internal cancers have been reported to be significantly higher among residents in the blackfoot disease endemic area than in the general population in Taiwan. The mechanism of arsenic-induced skin cancer as well as the association between skin cancer and internal cancers deserve further investigation.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalTaiwan Journal of Public Health
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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Epidemiologic Factors
Arsenic
Skin Neoplasms
Water Wells
Endemic Diseases
Sunlight
Taiwan
Mortality
Water
Foot Diseases
Metalloids

Cite this

皮膚砷癌之流行病學特徵與危險因子. / Hsueh, Yu-Mei; Chen, Chien Jen.

In: Taiwan Journal of Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1996, p. 1-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hsueh, Yu-Mei ; Chen, Chien Jen. / 皮膚砷癌之流行病學特徵與危險因子. In: Taiwan Journal of Public Health. 1996 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 1-26.
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abstract = "本文係綜論皮膚砷癌的流行病學特做與危險因子。砷引起的皮膚癌屬於非黑色素瘤皮膚癌。一般的非黑色素瘤皮膚癌常見於白種人,男性比女性有較高的發生率。它好發於臉、頭及頸部,軀幹及上肢是次常發部位;而且隨日曬程度增加。紫外線輻射、化學物質、游離輻射線、免疫因素、宿主因素為其主要之危險因子。砷是一種類金屬,往往經由礦脈、銅精煉廠、工業和農業用途,造成環境的污染。引起健康危害的砷主要是無機砷,它會引起胃腸道障礙、心臟血管疾病、神經病變、肝腎障礙、皮膚病變和癌症。砷已被公認為人類之皮膚和肺的致癌物。砷引起皮膚癌的主要暴露途逕為藥物,環境和職業暴露。皮膚砷癌的發生部位大多為非日曬部位,即手掌、腳蹠、肢端和軀幹,且屬全身多發性的表皮癌化病變。臺灣西南沿海烏腳病盛行地區的皮膚癌盛行率及死亡率,與深井水含砷濃度呈劑量效應關係。吾人研究發現烏腳病高盛行地區的皮膚癌盛行率,與慢性砷暴露指標,包括烏腳病盛行地區居住年數、飲用深井水年數、飲用水平均砷濃度、和累積砷暴露等,均呈現顯著的劑量效應關係。皮膚砷癌盛行率也與從事鹽田工作、B型肝炎帶原且肝功能不良、食用蕃薯簽年數偏高有顯著相關。人體內的無機砷代謝能力,尿液砷物種分佈,血清微量營養素濃度,以及免疫能力與皮膚癌的相關性,尚待進一步証實。皮膚病變可作為與機砷長期暴露的生物指標,過去在烏腳病盛行地區的研究指出,皮膚癌和內臟癌的標準死亡比與累積死亡率,都比臺灣地區一般人口顯著偏高。砷引起皮膚癌的機轉,以及皮膚癌與內臟癌之間的關係,均是值得探討的主題。",
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T1 - 皮膚砷癌之流行病學特徵與危險因子

AU - Hsueh, Yu-Mei

AU - Chen, Chien Jen

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N2 - 本文係綜論皮膚砷癌的流行病學特做與危險因子。砷引起的皮膚癌屬於非黑色素瘤皮膚癌。一般的非黑色素瘤皮膚癌常見於白種人,男性比女性有較高的發生率。它好發於臉、頭及頸部,軀幹及上肢是次常發部位;而且隨日曬程度增加。紫外線輻射、化學物質、游離輻射線、免疫因素、宿主因素為其主要之危險因子。砷是一種類金屬,往往經由礦脈、銅精煉廠、工業和農業用途,造成環境的污染。引起健康危害的砷主要是無機砷,它會引起胃腸道障礙、心臟血管疾病、神經病變、肝腎障礙、皮膚病變和癌症。砷已被公認為人類之皮膚和肺的致癌物。砷引起皮膚癌的主要暴露途逕為藥物,環境和職業暴露。皮膚砷癌的發生部位大多為非日曬部位,即手掌、腳蹠、肢端和軀幹,且屬全身多發性的表皮癌化病變。臺灣西南沿海烏腳病盛行地區的皮膚癌盛行率及死亡率,與深井水含砷濃度呈劑量效應關係。吾人研究發現烏腳病高盛行地區的皮膚癌盛行率,與慢性砷暴露指標,包括烏腳病盛行地區居住年數、飲用深井水年數、飲用水平均砷濃度、和累積砷暴露等,均呈現顯著的劑量效應關係。皮膚砷癌盛行率也與從事鹽田工作、B型肝炎帶原且肝功能不良、食用蕃薯簽年數偏高有顯著相關。人體內的無機砷代謝能力,尿液砷物種分佈,血清微量營養素濃度,以及免疫能力與皮膚癌的相關性,尚待進一步証實。皮膚病變可作為與機砷長期暴露的生物指標,過去在烏腳病盛行地區的研究指出,皮膚癌和內臟癌的標準死亡比與累積死亡率,都比臺灣地區一般人口顯著偏高。砷引起皮膚癌的機轉,以及皮膚癌與內臟癌之間的關係,均是值得探討的主題。

AB - 本文係綜論皮膚砷癌的流行病學特做與危險因子。砷引起的皮膚癌屬於非黑色素瘤皮膚癌。一般的非黑色素瘤皮膚癌常見於白種人,男性比女性有較高的發生率。它好發於臉、頭及頸部,軀幹及上肢是次常發部位;而且隨日曬程度增加。紫外線輻射、化學物質、游離輻射線、免疫因素、宿主因素為其主要之危險因子。砷是一種類金屬,往往經由礦脈、銅精煉廠、工業和農業用途,造成環境的污染。引起健康危害的砷主要是無機砷,它會引起胃腸道障礙、心臟血管疾病、神經病變、肝腎障礙、皮膚病變和癌症。砷已被公認為人類之皮膚和肺的致癌物。砷引起皮膚癌的主要暴露途逕為藥物,環境和職業暴露。皮膚砷癌的發生部位大多為非日曬部位,即手掌、腳蹠、肢端和軀幹,且屬全身多發性的表皮癌化病變。臺灣西南沿海烏腳病盛行地區的皮膚癌盛行率及死亡率,與深井水含砷濃度呈劑量效應關係。吾人研究發現烏腳病高盛行地區的皮膚癌盛行率,與慢性砷暴露指標,包括烏腳病盛行地區居住年數、飲用深井水年數、飲用水平均砷濃度、和累積砷暴露等,均呈現顯著的劑量效應關係。皮膚砷癌盛行率也與從事鹽田工作、B型肝炎帶原且肝功能不良、食用蕃薯簽年數偏高有顯著相關。人體內的無機砷代謝能力,尿液砷物種分佈,血清微量營養素濃度,以及免疫能力與皮膚癌的相關性,尚待進一步証實。皮膚病變可作為與機砷長期暴露的生物指標,過去在烏腳病盛行地區的研究指出,皮膚癌和內臟癌的標準死亡比與累積死亡率,都比臺灣地區一般人口顯著偏高。砷引起皮膚癌的機轉,以及皮膚癌與內臟癌之間的關係,均是值得探討的主題。

KW - 皮膚砷癌

KW - 流行病學

KW - 危險因子

KW - Arsenic-Induced Skin Cancer

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Risk Factor

U2 - 10.6288/CJPH1996-15-01-01

DO - 10.6288/CJPH1996-15-01-01

M3 - 文章

VL - 15

SP - 1

EP - 26

JO - 台灣公共衛生雜誌

JF - 台灣公共衛生雜誌

SN - 1023-2141

IS - 1

ER -