Epicardial adipose tissue modulates arrhythmogenesis in right ventricle outflow tract cardiomyocytes

Yen Yu Lu, Shih Yu Huang, Yung Kuo Lin, Yao Chang Chen, Yi Ann Chen, Shih Ann Chen, Yi Jen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) frequently occurs in fatty infiltrative cardiomyopathy or epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) abundant hearts. Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), commonly covered with EAT, is vital for VA genesis. This study explored whether EAT contributes to RVOT arrhythmogenesis. Methods and results: Conventional microelectrodes and whole-cell patch clamp were used to record electrical activity and ionic currents in rabbit RVOT tissue preparation or isolated single cardiomyocytes with or without (control) connected EAT. Epicardial adipose tissue-connected (N = 6) RVOT had more portions of fibrosis than did control (N = 5) RVOT (160.3 ± 23.2 vs. 91.9 ± 13.4 μm2/mm2, P < 0.05). Epicardial adipose tissue-connected RVOT cardiomyocytes (n = 18) had lower negative resting membrane potential (-68 ± 1 vs. -73 ± 2 mV, P < 0.05); smaller action potential (AP) amplitude (108 ± 4 vs. 135 ± 6 mV, P < 0.005); and longer 90%, 50%, and 20% of AP duration repolarization (361 ± 18 vs. 309 ± 9 ms, P < 0.05; 310 ± 17 vs. 256 ± 13 ms, P < 0.05; and 182 ± 19 vs. 114 ± 24 ms, P < 0.05, respectively) than did control (n = 13) RVOT cardiomyocytes. Moreover, compared with control RVOT cardiomyocytes, EAT-connected RVOT cardiomyocytes had larger transient outward potassium currents, similar delayed rectifier potassium currents, smaller L-type calcium currents, and inward rectifier potassium currents. After ajmaline (10 μM, a sodium channel blocker) superfusion, high VA inducibility was observed through rapid pacing in EAT-connected RVOT but not in control RVOT. Conclusions: Epicardial adipose tissue exerts distinctive electrophysiological effects on RVOT with a propensity towards VA induction, which might play a role in lipotoxicity pathogenesis-related ventricular arrhythmogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-977
Number of pages8
JournalEuropace
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2021

Keywords

  • Epicardial adipose tissue
  • Right ventricular outflow tract
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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