Enterovirus 71 encephalitis

Chao Ching Huang, Ying Chao Chang, Cheng Yu Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The enteroviruses include coxsackievirus group A and B, poliovirus, echovirus, and enteroviruses 68-71. Spread by the fecal-oral or oral-oral transmission, the non-polio enteroviruses, coxsackieviruses, and echoviruses produce several distinct syndromes, including pharyngitis, herpangina, handfoot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), neonatal sepsis, myocarditis, pericarditis, chronic infections among persons with compromised immune systems, and a variety of neurologic disorders (1,2). The spectrum of neurologic complications caused by enteroviruses includes aseptic meningitis, acute ataxia, opsoclonus-myoclonus, encephalitis, polio-like syndrome, and Guillain-Barré syndrome (2). Enteroviral meningoencephalitis generally has a good prognosis, except when the cause is enterovirus 71 (EV71), in which case there is a substantial mortality rate (1,2).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmerging Neurological Infections
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages307-326
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9780849340871
ISBN (Print)9780824754235
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Huang, C. C., Chang, Y. C., & Chen, C. Y. (2005). Enterovirus 71 encephalitis. In Emerging Neurological Infections (pp. 307-326). CRC Press/Balkema.