CD133-expressing glioma cells play a critical role in tumor recovery after treatment and are resistant to radiotherapy. Herein, we demonstrated that glioblastoma-derived CD133-positive cells (GBM-CD133+) are capable of self-renewal and express high levels of embryonic stem cell genes and SirT1 compared to GBM-CD133- cells. To evaluate the role of SirT1 in GBM-CD133+, we used a lentiviral vector expressing shRNA to knock-down SirT1 expression (sh-SirT1) in GBM-CD133+. Silencing of SirT1 significantly enhanced the sensitivity of GBM-CD133+ to radiation and increased the level of radiation-mediated apoptosis. Importantly, knock-down of SirT1 increased the effectiveness of radiotherapy in the inhibition of tumor growth in nude mice transplanted with GBM-CD133+. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that the mean survival rate of GBM-CD133+ mice treated with radiotherapy was significantly improved by Sh-SirT1 as well. In sum, these results suggest that SirT1 is a potential target for increasing the sensitivity of GBM and glioblastoma-associated cancer stem cells to radiotherapy.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 6 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology