Background. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker for severity and complications of cardiovascular diseases. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in kidney transplantation (KT) patients. This prospective cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between serum OPG and PAD in KT patients. Methods. Seventy-four KT patients were enrolled for this PAD study. Fasting blood samples were obtained to measure serum OPG levels by using enzyme-linked im- munosorbent assay kits. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) of less than 0.9 was applied for PAD diagnosis. Results. Thirteen patients (17.6%) were diagnosed with PAD. Diabetes (P D 0:025), smoking (P D 0:010), and increased OPG levels (P D 0:001) were significantly more frequent in the PAD group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum OPG (odds ratio [OR], 1.336; 95% CI [1.108-1.611]; P D 0:002) and diabetes (OR, 7.120; 95% CI [1.080-46.940]; P D0:041) were independent predictors of PAD in KT patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve determined that the probability of a serum OPG level of 7.117 pg/L in predicting PAD in KT patients was 0.799 (95% CI [0.690-0.884]; P <0:001). Discussion. Exploration of reliable biomarkers for early identification of vascular risk is crucial for KT patients. Elevated serum OPG levels may predict PAD in KT patients with cutoff value of 7.117 pg/L.
- Ankle-brachial index
- Kidney transplantation
- Peripheral arterial disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)