Elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio predicts intermediate-term outcomes in patients who have advanced chronic kidney disease with peripheral artery disease receiving percutaneous transluminal angioplasty

I. Chih Chen, Chao Chin Yu, Yi Hsuan Wu, Ting Hsing Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an inflammatory biomarker, has not been evaluated in patients who have advanced CKDwith peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), especially in Taiwan. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 148 advanced CKD (creatinine clearance rate ≤30 mL/min/1.73 m2) identified from a prospective registry in our hospital (303 PTA cases in total). Kaplan-Meier analysis with log-rank test was used to study event-free survival, and all univariables (p value < 0.1) were put into multivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: During the mean follow-up time of 8.6 ± 7.8 months, 35.1% of the cases achieved primary composite endpoint (all-cause mortality or major amputation), 25.5% underwent death from any cause, and 14.9% underwent major or minor amputation. Rutherford grade 6, either NLR or NLR ≥ 3.76, and a history of hypertension had a positively prognostic impact on the occurrence of primary composite endpoint, whereas higher albumin level (≥ 3.0mg/dL) and technical success had a significantly protective effect. History of hypertension, either NLR or NLR ≥ 3.76, and age were associated with all-cause mortality. In addition, Rutherford 6, higher albumin level (≥ 3.0 mg/dL), technical success, NLR, and age could predict the occurrence of major amputation. Conclusions: NLR, but not C-reactive protein or platelet-lymphocyte ratio, is an important prognostic predictor of allmajor clinical outcomes in patients with advanced CKD and PAD receiving PTA. Further studies are warranted to establish a better strategy and healthcare program in this clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-541
Number of pages10
JournalActa Cardiologica Sinica
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Inflammation
  • Peripheral artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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