Elevated galanin receptor type 2 primarily contributes to mechanical hypersensitivity after median nerve injury

Seu Hwa Chen, June Horng Lue, Yung Jung Hsiao, Shu Mei Lai, Hsin Ying Wang, Chi Te Lin, Ya Chin Chen, Yi Ju Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated temporal changes in galanin receptor type 2 (GalR2) expression in NF200-, galanin-, neuropeptide Y (NPY)-, and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-like immunoreactive (LI) dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons after median nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI), and the effects of GalR2 on c-Fos expression in the cuneate nucleus (CN). Double immunofluorescence labeling methods were used to appraise changes in GalR2 expression in NF200-LI, galanin-LI, NPY-LI, and nNOS-LI DRG neurons after CCI. The von Frey assay was used to assess the efficiency of intraplantar administration of saline, M871 (a GalR2 antagonist), or AR-M1896 (a GalR2 agonist) on neuropathic signs of rats with CCI. The effects of alterations in c-Fos expression were assessed in all treatments. The percentage of GalR2-LI neurons in lesioned DRGs increased and peaked at 1 week after CCI. We further detected that percentages of GalR2-LI neurons labeled for NF200, galanin, NPY, and nNOS significantly increased following CCI. Furthermore, M871 remarkably attenuated tactile allodynia, but the sensation was slightly aggravated by AR-M1896 after CCI. Consequentially, after electrical stimulation of the CCI-treated median nerve, the number of c-Fos-LI neurons in the cuneate nucleus (CN) was significantly reduced in the M871 group, whereas it increased in the AR-M1896 group. These results suggest that activation of GalR2, probably through NPY or nitric oxide, induces c-Fos expression in the CN and transmits mechanical allodynia sensations to the thalamus.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0199512
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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