Electrophysiological study on the effects of leptin in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus

Tzu Ling Li, Lih Chu Chiou, Shuei Lin You, Jing Ru Hsieh, Ling Ling Hwang

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Immunoreactivity of leptin receptor (Ob-R) has been detected in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMNV). Here, we confirmed the presence of Ob-R immunoreactivity on retrograde-labeled parasympathetic preganglionic neurons in the DMNV of neonatal rats. The present study investigated the effects of leptin on DMNV neurons, including parasympathetic preganglionic neurons, by using whole cell patch-clamp recording technique in brain stem slices of neonatal rats. Leptin (30-300 nM) induced membrane depolarization and hyperpolarization, respectively, in 14 and 15 out of 80 DMNV neurons tested. Both leptin-induced inward and outward currents persisted in the presence of TTX, indicating that leptin affected DNMV neurons postsynaptically. The current-voltage (I-V) curve of leptin-induced inward currents is characterized by negative slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -90 ± 3 mV. The reversal potential of the leptin-induced inward current was shifted to a more positive potential level in a high-potassium medium. These results indicate that a decrease in potassium conductance is likely the main ionic mechanism underlying the leptin-induced depolarization. On the other hand, the I-V curve of leptin-induced outward currents is characterized by positive slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -88 ± 3 mV, suggesting that an increase in potassium conductance may underlie leptin-induced hyperpolarization. Most of the leptin-responsive DMNV neurons were identified as being parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. These results suggest that the DMNV is one of the central target sites of leptin, and leptin can regulate parasympathetic outflow from the DMNV by directly acting on the parasympathetic preganglionic neurons of the DMNV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume292
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Fingerprint

Leptin
Neurons
Potassium
Leptin Receptors
Motor Neurons
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Brain Stem

Keywords

  • Brain slice
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Ob-R
  • Potassium channel
  • Whole cell patch-clamp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{77273bdca30747a28e3d4427730e27ab,
title = "Electrophysiological study on the effects of leptin in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus",
abstract = "Immunoreactivity of leptin receptor (Ob-R) has been detected in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMNV). Here, we confirmed the presence of Ob-R immunoreactivity on retrograde-labeled parasympathetic preganglionic neurons in the DMNV of neonatal rats. The present study investigated the effects of leptin on DMNV neurons, including parasympathetic preganglionic neurons, by using whole cell patch-clamp recording technique in brain stem slices of neonatal rats. Leptin (30-300 nM) induced membrane depolarization and hyperpolarization, respectively, in 14 and 15 out of 80 DMNV neurons tested. Both leptin-induced inward and outward currents persisted in the presence of TTX, indicating that leptin affected DNMV neurons postsynaptically. The current-voltage (I-V) curve of leptin-induced inward currents is characterized by negative slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -90 ± 3 mV. The reversal potential of the leptin-induced inward current was shifted to a more positive potential level in a high-potassium medium. These results indicate that a decrease in potassium conductance is likely the main ionic mechanism underlying the leptin-induced depolarization. On the other hand, the I-V curve of leptin-induced outward currents is characterized by positive slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -88 ± 3 mV, suggesting that an increase in potassium conductance may underlie leptin-induced hyperpolarization. Most of the leptin-responsive DMNV neurons were identified as being parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. These results suggest that the DMNV is one of the central target sites of leptin, and leptin can regulate parasympathetic outflow from the DMNV by directly acting on the parasympathetic preganglionic neurons of the DMNV.",
keywords = "Brain slice, Immunohistochemistry, Ob-R, Potassium channel, Whole cell patch-clamp",
author = "Li, {Tzu Ling} and Chiou, {Lih Chu} and You, {Shuei Lin} and Hsieh, {Jing Ru} and Hwang, {Ling Ling}",
year = "2007",
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doi = "10.1152/ajpregu.00563.2006",
language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Electrophysiological study on the effects of leptin in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus

AU - Li, Tzu Ling

AU - Chiou, Lih Chu

AU - You, Shuei Lin

AU - Hsieh, Jing Ru

AU - Hwang, Ling Ling

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - Immunoreactivity of leptin receptor (Ob-R) has been detected in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMNV). Here, we confirmed the presence of Ob-R immunoreactivity on retrograde-labeled parasympathetic preganglionic neurons in the DMNV of neonatal rats. The present study investigated the effects of leptin on DMNV neurons, including parasympathetic preganglionic neurons, by using whole cell patch-clamp recording technique in brain stem slices of neonatal rats. Leptin (30-300 nM) induced membrane depolarization and hyperpolarization, respectively, in 14 and 15 out of 80 DMNV neurons tested. Both leptin-induced inward and outward currents persisted in the presence of TTX, indicating that leptin affected DNMV neurons postsynaptically. The current-voltage (I-V) curve of leptin-induced inward currents is characterized by negative slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -90 ± 3 mV. The reversal potential of the leptin-induced inward current was shifted to a more positive potential level in a high-potassium medium. These results indicate that a decrease in potassium conductance is likely the main ionic mechanism underlying the leptin-induced depolarization. On the other hand, the I-V curve of leptin-induced outward currents is characterized by positive slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -88 ± 3 mV, suggesting that an increase in potassium conductance may underlie leptin-induced hyperpolarization. Most of the leptin-responsive DMNV neurons were identified as being parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. These results suggest that the DMNV is one of the central target sites of leptin, and leptin can regulate parasympathetic outflow from the DMNV by directly acting on the parasympathetic preganglionic neurons of the DMNV.

AB - Immunoreactivity of leptin receptor (Ob-R) has been detected in rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMNV). Here, we confirmed the presence of Ob-R immunoreactivity on retrograde-labeled parasympathetic preganglionic neurons in the DMNV of neonatal rats. The present study investigated the effects of leptin on DMNV neurons, including parasympathetic preganglionic neurons, by using whole cell patch-clamp recording technique in brain stem slices of neonatal rats. Leptin (30-300 nM) induced membrane depolarization and hyperpolarization, respectively, in 14 and 15 out of 80 DMNV neurons tested. Both leptin-induced inward and outward currents persisted in the presence of TTX, indicating that leptin affected DNMV neurons postsynaptically. The current-voltage (I-V) curve of leptin-induced inward currents is characterized by negative slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -90 ± 3 mV. The reversal potential of the leptin-induced inward current was shifted to a more positive potential level in a high-potassium medium. These results indicate that a decrease in potassium conductance is likely the main ionic mechanism underlying the leptin-induced depolarization. On the other hand, the I-V curve of leptin-induced outward currents is characterized by positive slope conductance and has an average reversal potential of -88 ± 3 mV, suggesting that an increase in potassium conductance may underlie leptin-induced hyperpolarization. Most of the leptin-responsive DMNV neurons were identified as being parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. These results suggest that the DMNV is one of the central target sites of leptin, and leptin can regulate parasympathetic outflow from the DMNV by directly acting on the parasympathetic preganglionic neurons of the DMNV.

KW - Brain slice

KW - Immunohistochemistry

KW - Ob-R

KW - Potassium channel

KW - Whole cell patch-clamp

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VL - 292

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology

SN - 0363-6119

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