Electrophysiologic characteristics, electropharmacologic responses and radiofrequency ablation in patients with decremental accessory pathway

Shih Ann Chen, Ching Tai Tai, Chern En Chiang, Shih Huang Lee, Zu Chi Wen, Chuen Wang Chiou, Kwo Chang Ueng, Yi Jen Chen, Wen Chung Yu, Jin Long Huang, Mau Song Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. This study sought to characterize the functional properties of decremental accessory atrioventricular (AV) pathways and to investigate their pharmacologic responses. Background. Although decremental AV pathways associated with incessant reciprocating tachycardia have been studied extensively, information about the electrophysiologic characteristics and pharmacologic responses of anterograde and retrograde decremental AV pathways is limited. Methods. Of 759 consecutive patients with accessory pathway-mediated tachyarrhythmia, 74 with decremental AV pathways were investigated (mean age 43 ± 18 years). After baseline electrophysiologic study, the serial drugs adenosine, verapamil and procainamide were tested during atrial and ventricular pacing. Finally, radiofrequency catheter ablation was performed. Results. Five patients had anterograde decremental conduction over the acessory pathway but no retrograde conduction. Of the 64 patients with retrograde decremental conduction over the accessory pathway, anterograde conduction over the pathway was absent in 41 (64%), intermittent in 5 (8) and nondecremental in 18 (28%). In the remaining five patients, anterograde and retrograde decremental conduction over the same pathway was found. The anterograde and retrograde conduction properties and extent of decrement did not differ between anterograde and retrograde decremental pathways. Posteroseptal pathways had the highest incidences of anterograde and retrograde decremental conduction. Intravenous adenosine, procainamide and verapamil caused conduction delay or block, or both, in 10 of 10, 10 of 10 and 4 of 10 of the anterograde and 20 of 20, 20 of 20 and 8 of 20 of the retrograde decremental pathways, respectively. All patients had successful ablation of the decremental pathways without complications. During the follow-up period of 31 ± 19 months, only one patient experienced recurrence. Conclusions. Decremental accessory pathways usually had functionally distinct conduction characteristics in the anterograde and retrograde directions. Their pharmacologic responses suggested the heterogeneous mechanisms of decremental conduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-737
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Electrophysiologic characteristics, electropharmacologic responses and radiofrequency ablation in patients with decremental accessory pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this