Electrocorticography in patients with medically intractable temporal lobe seizures. II. Quantification of epileptiform discharges following successive stages of resective surgery

Min Lan Tsai, Gian Emilio Chatrian, Ann L. Holubkov, Nancy R. Temkin, Cheng Mei Shaw, George A. Ojemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We quantified retrospectively the interictal epileptiform discharges (EDs) detected visually in the electrocorticograms (ECoGs) of 42 patients undergoing successive stages of anterior temporal lobectomy for medically intractable temporal lobe seizures (TLS). Following first resection sparing the hippocampus (H) and the parahippocampal gyrus (PHG), EDs were recorded on both structures in all patients and by far exceeded in amount those on residual lateral infratemporal and lateral temporal cortices. Frequently, EDs occurred apparently simultaneously but with opposite polarities in the H and the PHG, but more complex relationships were also evident in most individuals. These features likely reflected abnormal post-synaptic activity generated at different locations and cortical depths within the H, PHG, or both. Quantification of epileptiform activity and the effects of selective anterior hippocampectomy or parahippocampectomy suggested that both the H and PHG had remarkable epileptogenic potential. Levels of epileptiform activity were not significantly different in the H and PHG and in the H of subjects with and without H sclerosis. After final resection, including the amygdaloid nucleus (AN), anterior H and PHG, interictal EDs were present, although markedly diminished, in 35 patients. Postresection foci were significantly less numerous and extensive, and attained smaller maximal voltages, than did foci before and after first resection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-37
Number of pages13
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Anterior temporal lobectomy
  • Hippocampus
  • Parahippocampal gyrus
  • Postresection electrocorticogram
  • Temporal lobe seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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