Efficient Radiomics-Based Classification of Multi-Parametric MR Images to Identify Volumetric Habitats and Signatures in Glioblastoma: A Machine Learning Approach

Fang Ying Chiu, Yun Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is a fast-growing and aggressive brain tumor of the central nervous system. It encroaches on brain tissue with heterogeneous regions of a necrotic core, solid part, peritu-moral tissue, and edema. This study provided qualitative image interpretation in GBM subregions and radiomics features in quantitative usage of image analysis, as well as ratios of these tumor components. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of multi-parametric MR fingerprinting with volumetric tumor phenotype and radiomic features to underlie biological process and prognostic status of patients with cerebral gliomas. Based on efficiently classified and retrieved cerebral multi-parametric MRI, all data were analyzed to derive volume-based data of the entire tumor from local cohorts and The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) cohorts with GBM. Edema was mainly enriched for homeostasis whereas necrosis was associated with texture features. The proportional volume size of the edema was about 1.5 times larger than the size of the solid part tumor. The volume size of the solid part was approximately 0.7 times in the necrosis area. Therefore, the multi-parametric MRI-based radiomics model reveals efficiently classified tumor subregions of GBM and suggests that prognostic radiomic features from routine MRI examination may also be significantly associated with key biological processes as a practical imaging biomarker.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1475
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2022

Keywords

  • Annotation
  • Glioblastoma
  • Machine learning
  • Multi-parametric
  • Non-invasive
  • Precision medicine
  • Quantitative imaging
  • Radiomics feature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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