Efficacy of gradual pressure-decline compressing stockings in Asian patients with lower leg varicose veins: Analysis by general measurements and magnetic resonance image

T. K. Leung, J. M. Lin, C. L. Chu, Y. S. Wu, Y. J. Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Aim. Most applications of gradual pressure-decline compressing stockings (GPDCS) are used in the United States and Western European countries, with over a decade of clinical experiments. Up to know, there is no standard establishment of gradual pressure-decline compressing stockings for Asian patients with venous insufficiency and varicose vein formations. Methods. We collected data on volunteer candidates of varicose vein for general measurements and assessments and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by non-contrast enhanced MRV techniques, and for post processing data analysis. Results. Clinical use of GPCDS provide a mild to moderate improvement in the varicose vein conditions of patients with deep venous insufficiency by improving their deep vein circulation, by general measurements; recording major symptoms and complaint; comfort and stretching/flexibility to the candidates after using GPDCS; and area changes/flow velocity changes/available hemoglobin changes in deep veins monitored by MRI. Conclusion. The benefits and data collected in these results may help in developing compression stockings standards in Taiwanese and Asian countries, and to establishing criterias for product sizes, compression levels, and related parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-543
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Angiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012



  • Stockings, compression
  • Varicose veins
  • Venous insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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