Abstract

Background: Complications including staple-line leakage and bleeding may occur after sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. In this meta-analysis, the efficacy of fibrin sealant in strengthening the staple line and reducing complication risk after bariatric surgery was evaluated. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to October 2020. Pooled estimates of the outcomes were computed using a random effects model. The primary outcomes were bleeding and leakage; secondary outcomes were gastric stricture, length of hospital stay, reoperation rate, and total operation time. Results: In total, 9 RCTs including 2136 patients were reviewed. Our meta-analysis revealed that compared with controls, fibrin sealants decreased incidence of bleeding significantly (risk ratio [RR] = 0.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.18–0.97), but did not demonstrate significant differences in reducing the incidence of leakage (RR = 0.62; 95% CI, 0.23–1.73), gastric stricture (RR = 1.16; 95% CI, 0.46–2.91), reoperation rate (RR = 0.85; CI, 0.14–5.14), or length of hospital stay (weighted mean difference = 0.62; 95% CI, − 0.31 to 1.55). Compared with oversewing, fibrin sealant use reduced the operation time; however, their efficacies in reducing the incidence of postoperative bleeding and leakage did not differ significantly. Conclusions: Although applying fibrin sealants to the staple line in bariatric surgery may provide favorable results, but it may not reduce postoperative leakage and stricture incidence significantly. Nevertheless, the application of fibrin sealants as a method for reducing risks of complications after bariatric surgery warrant further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1158-1167
Number of pages10
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Fibrin glue
  • Fibrin sealants
  • Reinforcement
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  • Sleeve gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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