Effects of Welsh onion on oxidation of low-density lipoprotein and nitric oxide production in macrophage cell line RAW 264.7

Bor Sen Wang, Jia Huey Chen, Yu Chih Liang, Pin Der Duh

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29 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of aqueous extracts of Welsh onion green leaves (WOE) on oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and production of nitric oxide (NO) in macrophage were investigated. The results showed that WOE in the range of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml inhibited LDL oxidation and scavenged ABTS+ radical in an acellular system. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of WOE correlated well with the total polyphenolic content (r = 0.968). In addition, WOE in the range of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO production in a concentration-dependent manner. The induction of iNOS and COX-2 proteins in RAW 264.7 cells was markedly suppressed by WOE. WOE at 1 mg/ml significantly inhibited iNOS mRNA expression, as determined by reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Furthermore, LPS-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation, through IκB-α degradation, was reduced by WOE. These results suggest that WOE could attenuate excessive NO and prostaglandin generation in macrophages and lipoprotein oxidation in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005



  • COX-2
  • iNOS
  • Low-density lipoprotein
  • Nitric oxide
  • Polyphenolic content
  • Welsh onion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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