TimeSlips對日間照顧中心失智長者憂鬱狀況與生活品質的成效

Translated title of the contribution: Effects of TimeSlips on Depressive Symptoms and Quality of Life in People With Dementia in Day Care Centers

葉映彤, 林幼昉, 劉芳

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Day care centers provide supportive services to older individuals with disability and dementia. Those who suffer from cognitive impairment typically also suffer from depression. Purpose: To explore whether TimeSlips, a reminiscence creative storytelling approach, improves depressive symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in older individuals of day care centers who have mild to moderate cognitive impairment. Methods: A randomized non-blind controlled trial design was conducted. A total of 20 older individuals who met the inclusion criteria were recruited and randomly assigned to the experimental group and control group using the Internet randomization system, with 10 subjects in each group. The experimental group participated in the one-hour TimeSlips intervention once a week for six consecutive weeks, while the control group maintained their normal daily activities. We used the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) to measure depressive symptoms and used EQ-5D (EuroQol-5 dimensions) VAS (visual analogue scale) and utility values to measure QoL. Result: (1) With the exception of age, there were no significant differences in the demographic data between two groups. (2) Under ANCOVA, when age was used as the covariate and the change in CSDD before and after the intervention was used as the dependent variable, the score of the experimental group was significant lower than that of the control group (p < .05). The interaction between group and age was also a significant difference in the change of CSDD before and after the intervention (p < .05). In terms of QoL, the EQ-5D VAS and EQ-5D utility value both decreased after the intervention in the experimental group. ANCOVA was performed separately using the change of EQ-5D VAS and the ranked change of EQ-5D utility values as dependent variables, with no significant differences found between the groups (p = .37 and p = .20, respectively). Conclusion: The results indicate that using TimeSlips may significantly improve depressive symptoms in mild to moderate cognitively impaired older individuals of day care centers. However, no evidence was found to support an effect of TimeSlips on QoL. Our findings provide information to help day care centers staffs design related activities.

Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)54-65
Number of pages12
JournalHu li za zhi The journal of nursing
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

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Keywords

  • day care centers
  • dementia
  • depressive symptoms
  • quality of life
  • TimeSlips

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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