Effects of thyroid hormone on the arrhythmogenic activity of pulmonary vein cardiomyocytes

Yao Chang Chen, Shih A. Chen, Yi J. Chen, Mau Song Chang, Paul Chan, Cheng I. Lin

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of thyroid hormone on the electrophysiological characteristics of pulmonary vein (PV) cardiomyocytes. BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroidism is an important etiology of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Pulmonary veins are known to initiate paroxysmal AF. METHODS: The action potential and ionic currents were investigated in single rabbit PV and atrial cardiomyocytes with (hyperthyroid) and without (control) incubation of L-triiodothyronine using the whole-cell clamp technique. RESULTS: Compared with the control cardiomyocytes, hyperthyroid PV and atrial cardiomyocytes had shorter action potential duration. Hyperthyroid PV cardiomyocytes had faster beating rates (1.82 ± 0.13 Hz vs. 1.03 ± 0.15 Hz, p <0.005) and a higher incidence of delayed afterdepolarization (beating: 92% vs. 6%, p <0.0001; non-beating: 45% vs. 3%, p <0.005). However, only hyperthyroid PV beating cardiomyocytes had a higher incidence of early afterdepolarization (46% vs. 0%, p <0.0001). The ionic current experiments showed that hyperthyroid PV beating cardiomyocytes had larger densities of overall slow inward (2.72 ± 0.21 pA/pF vs. 2.07 ± 0.19 pA/pF, p <0.05), overall transient outward (1.39 ± 0.21 pA/pF vs. 0.48 ± 0.08 pA/pF, p <0.001) and steady state outward currents (0.78 ± 0.06 pA/pF vs. 0.58 ± 0.04 pA/pF, p <0.05) on depolarization and larger transient inward (0.021 ± 0.004 pA/pF vs. 0.005 ± 0.001 pA/pF, p <0.001) on repolarization. By contrast, the hyperthyroid PV non-beating cardiomyocytes had larger densities of overall transient outward (1.01 ± 0.14 pA/pF vs. 0.37 ± 0.07 pA/pF, p <0.001), steady state outward (0.61 ± 0.06 pA/pF vs. 0.44 ± 0.04 pA/pF, p <0.05) and transient inward currents (0.011 ± 0.002 pA/pF vs. 0.003 ± 0.001 pA/pF, p <0.05). C0NCLUSIONS: Thyroid hormone changes the electrophysiological activity of the PV cardiomyocytes. Increased automaticity and enhanced triggered activity may increase the arrhythmogenic activity of PVs in hyperthyroidism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-372
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 16 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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