Effects of Temoporfin-Based Photodynamic Therapy on the In Vitro Antibacterial Activity and Biocompatibility of Gelatin-Hyaluronic Acid Cross-Linked Hydrogel Membranes

Kai Chi Chang, Kuo Chou Chiu, Wen Cheng Chen, Wan Chen Lan, Chi Yuan Chen, Shih Min Hsia, Tong Hong Wang, Hsi Feng Tu, Yin Hwa Shih, Tzong Ming Shieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was performed to design a hydrogel membrane that exhibits antibacterial properties and guides different tissues. Gelatin and hyaluronic acid were used as the main structures, 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) was used as a cross-linker, and temoporfin was used as an antibacterial agent. The results revealed that the hydrogel membrane impregnated with temoporfin (HM-T) had a fixation index of >89%. Temoporfin was used in conjunction with a diode laser and did not significantly affect EDC-induced cross-linking. The inhibitory activity of temoporfin showed that HM-T15 and HM-T30 (light exposure for 15 and 30 min, respectively) had remarkable antibacterial properties. The cell survival rate of HM-T15 was 73% of that of the control group, indicating that temoporfin exposure for 15 min did not exert cytotoxic effects on L-929 cells. HM and HM-T15 hydrogel membranes showed good cell adhesion and proliferation after 14 days of dark incubation. However, the hydrogel membrane containing temoporfin significantly reduced pro-inflammatory gene expression. In summary, the HM-T15 group showed potential as a biodegradable material for biocompatible tissue-guarded regeneration membranes with antibacterial properties. This study demonstrated the potential of temoporfin for innovative biomaterials and delivery systems applied to new regenerative periodontal therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2314
JournalPharmaceutics
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • antibacterial
  • biocompatibility
  • guided tissue regeneration
  • hydrogel membrane
  • photodynamic therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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