Effects of steroids on renal nad+-dependent 15-hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in ovariectomized rats

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Abstract

It has been suggested that the circulating prostacyclin in primarily inactivated by renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase. Changes in the renal enzyme activity in response to hormones were studied. The renal 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in female rats was lower than that in male rats, and was significantly increased by ovariectomy. The effect of sex steroids on the renal enzyme activity was then studied in ovariectomized rats. Estradiol administration induced a significant decrease in the renal enzyme activity, while testosterone did not show any significant effect. Kinetic parameters for the renal enzyme from control and estradiol-treated groups were compared. An identical apparent Km for prostaglandin E2 was obtained for the enzyme from both groups. Vmax in the treated group was progressively decreased. The enzyme from both groups decayed at the same rate. The results indicated that estradiol might be the major endogenous sex steroid regulating the renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity, and the inhibitory effect of estradiol on the renal enzyme might be due to the inhibition of the enzyme biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Medicine
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase
Prostaglandins
Rats
Oxidoreductases
Steroids
Estradiol
Kidney
Enzyme activity
Enzymes
Biosynthesis
Epoprostenol
Kinetic parameters
Dinoprostone
Testosterone
Hormones
Ovariectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Effects of steroids on renal nad+-dependent 15-hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in ovariectomized rats",
abstract = "It has been suggested that the circulating prostacyclin in primarily inactivated by renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase. Changes in the renal enzyme activity in response to hormones were studied. The renal 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in female rats was lower than that in male rats, and was significantly increased by ovariectomy. The effect of sex steroids on the renal enzyme activity was then studied in ovariectomized rats. Estradiol administration induced a significant decrease in the renal enzyme activity, while testosterone did not show any significant effect. Kinetic parameters for the renal enzyme from control and estradiol-treated groups were compared. An identical apparent Km for prostaglandin E2 was obtained for the enzyme from both groups. Vmax in the treated group was progressively decreased. The enzyme from both groups decayed at the same rate. The results indicated that estradiol might be the major endogenous sex steroid regulating the renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity, and the inhibitory effect of estradiol on the renal enzyme might be due to the inhibition of the enzyme biosynthesis.",
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N2 - It has been suggested that the circulating prostacyclin in primarily inactivated by renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase. Changes in the renal enzyme activity in response to hormones were studied. The renal 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in female rats was lower than that in male rats, and was significantly increased by ovariectomy. The effect of sex steroids on the renal enzyme activity was then studied in ovariectomized rats. Estradiol administration induced a significant decrease in the renal enzyme activity, while testosterone did not show any significant effect. Kinetic parameters for the renal enzyme from control and estradiol-treated groups were compared. An identical apparent Km for prostaglandin E2 was obtained for the enzyme from both groups. Vmax in the treated group was progressively decreased. The enzyme from both groups decayed at the same rate. The results indicated that estradiol might be the major endogenous sex steroid regulating the renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity, and the inhibitory effect of estradiol on the renal enzyme might be due to the inhibition of the enzyme biosynthesis.

AB - It has been suggested that the circulating prostacyclin in primarily inactivated by renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase. Changes in the renal enzyme activity in response to hormones were studied. The renal 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in female rats was lower than that in male rats, and was significantly increased by ovariectomy. The effect of sex steroids on the renal enzyme activity was then studied in ovariectomized rats. Estradiol administration induced a significant decrease in the renal enzyme activity, while testosterone did not show any significant effect. Kinetic parameters for the renal enzyme from control and estradiol-treated groups were compared. An identical apparent Km for prostaglandin E2 was obtained for the enzyme from both groups. Vmax in the treated group was progressively decreased. The enzyme from both groups decayed at the same rate. The results indicated that estradiol might be the major endogenous sex steroid regulating the renal NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity, and the inhibitory effect of estradiol on the renal enzyme might be due to the inhibition of the enzyme biosynthesis.

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