Effects of severe preeclampsia with different doppler velocimetries on extra- and intrauterine environments.

J. M. Yang, K. G. Wang

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the perinatal outcome of fetuses and maternal condition of 47 patients with severe preeclampsia. Antepartum fetal surveillance (within 2 days of delivery or fetal death) included the nonstress test, Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical and uterine arteries, amniotic fluid assessment, maternal blood chemistry and hemogram. Pregnancies with abnormal Doppler velocimetry in the umbilical and uterine arteries had poor perinatal outcomes as judged by the incidence of abnormal antepartum fetal surveillance, acute fetal distress mandating immediate delivery, small for gestational age infants, perinatal morbidity and mortality and prematurity. These fetuses were at a high risk of acute and chronic hypoxia. Maternal blood chemistries and hemograms revealed a high incidence of hepatocellular dysfunction, renal insufficiency, hemoconcentration and thrombocytopenia. In cases of severe preeclampsia, those with abnormal Doppler velocimetry of both umbilical and uterine arteries, had poor extra- and intrauterine environments. Therefore, aggressive rather than expectant management was more suitable. For those with normal umbilical artery resistance and either normal or abnormal uterine artery resistance, careful management with close monitoring of both maternal and fetal status was possible in patients who were far from term.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Volume95
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Uterine Artery
Umbilical Arteries
Rheology
Pre-Eclampsia
Mothers
Fetus
Small for Gestational Age Infant
Fetal Distress
Fetal Death
Perinatal Mortality
Incidence
Amniotic Fluid
Thrombocytopenia
Renal Insufficiency
Morbidity
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "We evaluated the perinatal outcome of fetuses and maternal condition of 47 patients with severe preeclampsia. Antepartum fetal surveillance (within 2 days of delivery or fetal death) included the nonstress test, Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical and uterine arteries, amniotic fluid assessment, maternal blood chemistry and hemogram. Pregnancies with abnormal Doppler velocimetry in the umbilical and uterine arteries had poor perinatal outcomes as judged by the incidence of abnormal antepartum fetal surveillance, acute fetal distress mandating immediate delivery, small for gestational age infants, perinatal morbidity and mortality and prematurity. These fetuses were at a high risk of acute and chronic hypoxia. Maternal blood chemistries and hemograms revealed a high incidence of hepatocellular dysfunction, renal insufficiency, hemoconcentration and thrombocytopenia. In cases of severe preeclampsia, those with abnormal Doppler velocimetry of both umbilical and uterine arteries, had poor extra- and intrauterine environments. Therefore, aggressive rather than expectant management was more suitable. For those with normal umbilical artery resistance and either normal or abnormal uterine artery resistance, careful management with close monitoring of both maternal and fetal status was possible in patients who were far from term.",
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N2 - We evaluated the perinatal outcome of fetuses and maternal condition of 47 patients with severe preeclampsia. Antepartum fetal surveillance (within 2 days of delivery or fetal death) included the nonstress test, Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical and uterine arteries, amniotic fluid assessment, maternal blood chemistry and hemogram. Pregnancies with abnormal Doppler velocimetry in the umbilical and uterine arteries had poor perinatal outcomes as judged by the incidence of abnormal antepartum fetal surveillance, acute fetal distress mandating immediate delivery, small for gestational age infants, perinatal morbidity and mortality and prematurity. These fetuses were at a high risk of acute and chronic hypoxia. Maternal blood chemistries and hemograms revealed a high incidence of hepatocellular dysfunction, renal insufficiency, hemoconcentration and thrombocytopenia. In cases of severe preeclampsia, those with abnormal Doppler velocimetry of both umbilical and uterine arteries, had poor extra- and intrauterine environments. Therefore, aggressive rather than expectant management was more suitable. For those with normal umbilical artery resistance and either normal or abnormal uterine artery resistance, careful management with close monitoring of both maternal and fetal status was possible in patients who were far from term.

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