IMPORTANCE: The effects of robot-assisted task-oriented training with tangible objects among patients with stroke remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy (RT) with a Gloreha device on sensorimotor and hand function and ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) among patients with stroke. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover-controlled, assessor-blinded study. SETTING: Rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N = 24) with moderate motor and sensory deficits. INTERVENTION: Patients participated in 12 RT sessions and 12 conventional therapy (CT) sessions, with order counterbalanced, for 6 wk, with a 1-mo washout period. OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Performance was assessed four times: before and after RT and before and after CT. Outcomes were measured using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE), Box and Block Test, electromyography of the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) and brachioradialis, and a grip dynamometer for motor function; Semmes-Weinstein hand monofilament and the Revised Nottingham Sensory Assessment for sensory function; and the Modified Barthel Index (MBI) for ADL ability. RESULTS: RT resulted in significantly improved FMA-UE proximal (p = .038) and total (p = .046) and MBI (p = .030) scores. Participants' EDC muscles exhibited higher efficacy during the small-block grasping task of the Box and Block Test after RT than after CT (p = .050). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: RT with the Gloreha device can facilitate whole-limb function, leading to beneficial effects on arm motor function, EDC muscle recruitment efficacy, and ADL ability for people with subacute and chronic stroke. WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: The evidence suggests that a task-oriented approach combined with the Gloreha device can facilitate engagement in whole-limb active movement and efficiently promote functional recovery.
|Journal||The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Occupational Therapy