It is important for women to understand the risk of first onset and symptomatic exacerbation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) during pregnancy. Reports regarding the effects of pregnancy on first onset and symptomatic exacerbation of paroxysmal SVT have been controversial, and have not been conducted in a systematic fashion. Two hundred seven consecutive female patients diagnosed with symptomatic paroxysmal SVT were requested to respond to multiple questionnaires before electrophysiologic study and catheter ablation. A person-years data method was used to estimate risk of first onset of paroxysmal SVT during pregnancy. Exacerbation of paroxysmal SVT was assessed by a score scale including each of the following symptoms: palpitation, fatigue, rest dyspnea, effort dyspnea, dizziness, chest oppression, blurred vision, and syncope (total score change > 2 points). In the 107 patients with accessory pathway-mediated tachycardia, 7 patients had had a first onset of tachycardia during pregnancy (relative risk ratio 0.86, confidence interval 0.4 to 1.9, p = 0.35). In the 100 patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, 1 patient had had the first onset of tachycardia during pregnancy (relative risk ratio 0.11, confidence interval 0.02 to 0.56, p = 0.004). Otherwise, 14 of the 63 patients (22%) with tachycardia in the pregnant and nonpregnant periods had exacerbation of symptoms during pregnancy. Thus, first onset of paroxysmal SVT during pregnancy was rare (3.9%), and pregnancy was associated with a low risk of first onset of paroxysmal SVT. However, symptoms of paroxysmal SVT were exacerbated during pregnancy in some patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine