Effects of ozone on DNA single-strand breaks and 8-oxoguanine formation in A549 cells

Tsun Jen Cheng, Hsuan Peng Kao, Chang Chuan Chan, Wushou P. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Animal studies have demonstrated that ozone exposure can induce lung tumors. Recent epidemiological studies have also shown that increased ozone exposure is associated with a greater risk of lung cancer. This study used single-cell gel electrophoresis (the Comet assay) and flow cytometry to investigate DNA damage in A549 cells exposed to ozone levels below the current ambient standard. Cells were exposed to ozone at levels of 0, 60, 80, and 120ppb, and then DNA single-strand breaks and 8-oxoguanine levels were measured. Additionally, the formamidopyrimidine glycosylase (Fpg) repair enzyme was added to the Comet assay to enhance detection of oxidative damage. Vitamins C and E were also added to determine their inhibitory effects on ozone-induced 8-oxoguanine. Measurements of tail length, tail intensity, and tail moment of the Comet assay were shown to correlate with each other. However, tail moment appeared to be more sensitive than the other two indicators in detecting DNA single-strand breaks. Tail moments of cells exposed to 80 and 120ppb of ozone were significantly higher than those exposed to 0ppb (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-284
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Single-Stranded DNA Breaks
Ozone
Comet Assay
ozone
DNA
comet
Assays
assay
damage
Flow cytometry
flow cytometry
ascorbic acid
Electrophoresis
Vitamin E
tumor
Ascorbic Acid
DNA Damage
repair
8-hydroxyguanine
A549 Cells

Keywords

  • 8-oxoguanine
  • Comet assay
  • Formamidopyrimidine glycosylase
  • Ozone
  • Vitamins C and E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Effects of ozone on DNA single-strand breaks and 8-oxoguanine formation in A549 cells. / Cheng, Tsun Jen; Kao, Hsuan Peng; Chan, Chang Chuan; Chang, Wushou P.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 93, No. 3, 11.2003, p. 279-284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cheng, Tsun Jen ; Kao, Hsuan Peng ; Chan, Chang Chuan ; Chang, Wushou P. / Effects of ozone on DNA single-strand breaks and 8-oxoguanine formation in A549 cells. In: Environmental Research. 2003 ; Vol. 93, No. 3. pp. 279-284.
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