Effects of intravenous iron saccharate on improving severe anemia in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Wei Sheng Chen, Chun Yu Liu, Hui Ting Lee, Kelvin Tsai, Yi Chun Lin, Der Cherng Tarng, Chao Hung Ho, Hsiao Yi Lin

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anemia in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is multifactorial. Iron deficiency, either definite or relative (defect in iron utilization), exists in RA patients with anemia. Intravenous iron therapy is indicated in severe and symptomatic cases or those with conditions precluding use of oral iron, but its safety and long-term efficacy have not been well-established. Forty severe anemic (hemoglobin < 9 g/dL) RA patients with or without demonstrable bone marrow iron stain were enrolled in this study. Fractionated administration of intravenous iron saccharate was undertaken and the median follow-up time was 1 year. All patients exhibited significant elevations of hemoglobin 3 months after treatment, which were more pronounced in the nonstainable iron marrow subjects {median (interquartile range): 3.8 (2.9-4.8) g/dL versus 2.9 (2.0-3.0) g/dL, p < 0.01}. Thereafter, hemoglobin remained at a plateau level that lasted during the observation period. Throughout the whole course, none of the cases exhibited side effects or flare up of disease activities. The use of intravenous iron saccharate, preferably administrated in a fractionated way, is effective in the correction of severe anemia in RA patients, especially those with nonstainable iron marrow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-477
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Iron compounds
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

Cite this

Chen, W. S., Liu, C. Y., Lee, H. T., Tsai, K., Lin, Y. C., Tarng, D. C., Ho, C. H., & Lin, H. Y. (2012). Effects of intravenous iron saccharate on improving severe anemia in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Clinical Rheumatology, 31(3), 469-477. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-011-1885-0