Effects of gentamicin and pH on [Ca2+]i in apical and basal outer hair cells from guinea pigs

Ching Ting Tan, Shiann Yann Lee, Chih Jung Yao, Shing Hwa Liu, Shoei Yn Lin-Shiau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aminoglycosides are widely used antibiotics and frequently produce acute ototoxicity. In this study we attempted to comparatively investigate the effects of gentamicin on Ca2+ influx of apical and basal outer hair cells (OHCs) isolated from guinea-pig cochlea. Since the solution of gentamicin sulfate salt is acidic (pH 3.1-3.3), we also explored the effect of external acidification on Ca2+ influx. By means of fura-2 microspectrofluorimetry, we measured the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of OHCs bathed in Hanks' balanced salt solution (pH 7.40) during either a resting state or high K+-induced depolarization. Our results show that at the resting state, the baseline [Ca2+]i in apical OHCs (94±2.0 nM) was slightly lower than that in basal OHCs (101.1±2.4 nM). By contrast, the increase in [Ca2+]i evoked by high K+ depolarization in apical OHCs was about two-fold greater than that in basal OHCs. Nifedipine (30 μM) abolished the increased [Ca2+]i in both types of OHCs, suggesting that Ca2+ influx was mainly through L-type Ca2+ channels of OHCs. While gentamicin and extracellular acidification (pH 7.14) can separately attenuate this increase in [Ca2+]i in both types of OHCs, their suppressive effects are additive in basal OHCs, but not in apical OHCs. The implications of these findings are that: (1) apical and basal OHCs behave differently in response to depolarization-increased [Ca2+]i, and (2) basal OHCs are more vulnerable to the impairment of Ca2+ entry during depolarization by a combination of gentamicin and extracellular acidification, which is correlated with the clinical observation that ototoxicity of aminoglycosides at the basal coil of OHCs is more severe than that at the apical coils. Moreover, the possibility that extracellular acidification may enhance the acute ototoxic effects of aminoglycosides should be considered especially in topical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalHearing Research
Volume154
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Outer Auditory Hair Cells
Gentamicins
Guinea Pigs
Aminoglycosides

Keywords

  • Extracellular pH
  • Fura-2
  • Gentamicin
  • Intracellular calcium concentration
  • Outer hair cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Effects of gentamicin and pH on [Ca2+]i in apical and basal outer hair cells from guinea pigs. / Tan, Ching Ting; Lee, Shiann Yann; Yao, Chih Jung; Liu, Shing Hwa; Lin-Shiau, Shoei Yn.

In: Hearing Research, Vol. 154, No. 1-2, 2001, p. 81-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tan, Ching Ting ; Lee, Shiann Yann ; Yao, Chih Jung ; Liu, Shing Hwa ; Lin-Shiau, Shoei Yn. / Effects of gentamicin and pH on [Ca2+]i in apical and basal outer hair cells from guinea pigs. In: Hearing Research. 2001 ; Vol. 154, No. 1-2. pp. 81-87.
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AU - Liu, Shing Hwa

AU - Lin-Shiau, Shoei Yn

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N2 - Aminoglycosides are widely used antibiotics and frequently produce acute ototoxicity. In this study we attempted to comparatively investigate the effects of gentamicin on Ca2+ influx of apical and basal outer hair cells (OHCs) isolated from guinea-pig cochlea. Since the solution of gentamicin sulfate salt is acidic (pH 3.1-3.3), we also explored the effect of external acidification on Ca2+ influx. By means of fura-2 microspectrofluorimetry, we measured the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of OHCs bathed in Hanks' balanced salt solution (pH 7.40) during either a resting state or high K+-induced depolarization. Our results show that at the resting state, the baseline [Ca2+]i in apical OHCs (94±2.0 nM) was slightly lower than that in basal OHCs (101.1±2.4 nM). By contrast, the increase in [Ca2+]i evoked by high K+ depolarization in apical OHCs was about two-fold greater than that in basal OHCs. Nifedipine (30 μM) abolished the increased [Ca2+]i in both types of OHCs, suggesting that Ca2+ influx was mainly through L-type Ca2+ channels of OHCs. While gentamicin and extracellular acidification (pH 7.14) can separately attenuate this increase in [Ca2+]i in both types of OHCs, their suppressive effects are additive in basal OHCs, but not in apical OHCs. The implications of these findings are that: (1) apical and basal OHCs behave differently in response to depolarization-increased [Ca2+]i, and (2) basal OHCs are more vulnerable to the impairment of Ca2+ entry during depolarization by a combination of gentamicin and extracellular acidification, which is correlated with the clinical observation that ototoxicity of aminoglycosides at the basal coil of OHCs is more severe than that at the apical coils. Moreover, the possibility that extracellular acidification may enhance the acute ototoxic effects of aminoglycosides should be considered especially in topical applications.

AB - Aminoglycosides are widely used antibiotics and frequently produce acute ototoxicity. In this study we attempted to comparatively investigate the effects of gentamicin on Ca2+ influx of apical and basal outer hair cells (OHCs) isolated from guinea-pig cochlea. Since the solution of gentamicin sulfate salt is acidic (pH 3.1-3.3), we also explored the effect of external acidification on Ca2+ influx. By means of fura-2 microspectrofluorimetry, we measured the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of OHCs bathed in Hanks' balanced salt solution (pH 7.40) during either a resting state or high K+-induced depolarization. Our results show that at the resting state, the baseline [Ca2+]i in apical OHCs (94±2.0 nM) was slightly lower than that in basal OHCs (101.1±2.4 nM). By contrast, the increase in [Ca2+]i evoked by high K+ depolarization in apical OHCs was about two-fold greater than that in basal OHCs. Nifedipine (30 μM) abolished the increased [Ca2+]i in both types of OHCs, suggesting that Ca2+ influx was mainly through L-type Ca2+ channels of OHCs. While gentamicin and extracellular acidification (pH 7.14) can separately attenuate this increase in [Ca2+]i in both types of OHCs, their suppressive effects are additive in basal OHCs, but not in apical OHCs. The implications of these findings are that: (1) apical and basal OHCs behave differently in response to depolarization-increased [Ca2+]i, and (2) basal OHCs are more vulnerable to the impairment of Ca2+ entry during depolarization by a combination of gentamicin and extracellular acidification, which is correlated with the clinical observation that ototoxicity of aminoglycosides at the basal coil of OHCs is more severe than that at the apical coils. Moreover, the possibility that extracellular acidification may enhance the acute ototoxic effects of aminoglycosides should be considered especially in topical applications.

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