Effects of exogenous melatonin on clinical and pathological features of a human thyroglobulin-induced experimental autoimmune thyroiditis mouse model

Jiunn Diann Lin, Wen Fang Fang, Kam Tsun Tang, Chao Wen Cheng

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Abstract

Melatonin (MLT) plays a significant role in both innate and adaptive immunity, and dysregulation of the MLT signature can modify autoimmune disease phenotypes. In this study, the influence of exogenous MLT administration on regulating autoimmune thyroiditis animal models was evaluated. An experimental autoimmune thyroiditis model was established in MLT-synthesizing (CBA) and MLT-deficient (C57BL/6) mice by immunization with human thyroidglobulin (TG), which features thyrotoxicosis, thyrocyte damage, and CD3 + T cell infiltration. In TG-immunized CBA mice, exogenous MLT administration in drinking water (6 μg/ml) enhanced thyroiditis and increased TG-specific splenocyte proliferation but not the anti-thyroglobulin antibody (ATA) titer, while MLT alone caused no significant alteration in thyroid function or histopathology. Meanwhile, MLT administration did not modify thyroid function, the ATA titer, or the thyroid histopathology, but results showed an increase in the splenocyte proliferative capacity in TG-immunized C57BL/6 mice. Collectively, our data showed that early exogenous MLT modified the progression of autoimmune thyroiditis through T cell-driven immunity, and excess MLT worsened the clinical and pathological features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5886
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

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