PURPOSE: Zirconia cores and frameworks are widely used in restorative dentistry. Although these structures are veneered with porcelain for esthetic reasons, the use of indirect composite resins (ICRs) is expected to increase in the future. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of microslits of different dimensions formed by Nd:YVO 4 laser machining on the bond strength between two types of zirconia (3 mol% yttria-partially stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP) and ceria-partially stabilized zirconia/alumina nanocomposite (Ce-TZP/A)) and porcelain or an ICR.
METHODS: The zirconia disks were assigned as follows: 1) blasted with alumina particles (AB) and 2-4) surface machined with gridded microslits with a width, pitch, and depth of 50, 75, or 100 µm (MS50, MS75, and MS100, respectively). After the bonding of the veneering materials to the disks, half of the specimens veneered with the ICR were subjected to thermocycling (4-60°C, 20000 cycles). All the specimens were subsequently shear tested (n = 10/group).
RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the groups of the disks bonded to porcelain. On the other hand, for the disks bonded to the ICR, the bond strengths of the MS groups after thermocycling were statistically higher than that of the AB group. However, there was no significant difference in the bond strengths of the disks with different microslits.
CONCLUSIONS: Within the study limitations, it can be concluded that, for porcelain, the design of the mechanical retentive structure must be modified. However, for the investigated ICR, a simple gridded pattern can improve the bond strength with zirconia.